A Blast to the United State's Past Belinda Siriboury ~ Hour 2

As you may know, the United States has a past with the practice of slavery. When thinking about the U.S. and it's past, the very first thing many people begin to think about is the idea of slavery. They think about how abominable it was and how ignorant many people were acting. Slave owners seemed as if they did not have a care in the world of how they treated the enslaved men, women, and children. The past of the United States was not all about the slavery issues, but about how oblivious many people were with their careless acts in the working industry and discrimination against immigrants. Many factories were made in the 19th century. More factories in the making, mean more job opportunities, and more job opportunities, mean the need for workers. Rapid industrialization was a curse for Americans because it caused an increase in slavery, child labor was in use, and many people felt opposed to the idea of immigrants living in the United States.

SLAVERY

Slavery was a huge issue in the U.S. From the early 18th century to the late 19th century. The slave captors would capture and take African Americans out of their homes and put the enslaved men, women, and children up for a sale. A SALE! Who puts people up for a sale? When one is sold off to a slaveholder they would have to leave their family behind without a choice. In the late 1790s the cotton gin was invented. The cotton gin caused the "cotton boom." The cotton gin was created by Eli Whitney and was the most quick and effective way to collect cotton. Keep in mind, cotton was a huge thing in the South. The South was known for growing cotton. So, when the cotton gin was created more slaves had to be put into the cotton industry. More slave workers means more slave trade had to be done. "Cotton production jumped... This tremendous increase in production required an army of new workers, chiefly black slaves. Within 50 years the number of slaves rose from about 1,190,000 to almost 4,000,000." The amount of slaves put to work had increased immensely.

CHILD LABOR

In the 19th century an increase in the amount of factories jumped. Meaning that workers were needed to fill in the new jobs, and what better way then to hire children, right? NO! Definitely not. Children were put into poor working conditions. It was dangerous working with the machines and could result in many injuries. It was hot and humid in there. Diseases could be spread easily. "Poverty is perhaps the single most important reason children are put to work: their families need the extra income...Gender or ethnic discrimination can play a role if girls or members of minority groups are put to work because they are considered less worthy of education than boys or members of the dominant group." Though poverty was an issue, parents should not have put their children into harsh and dangerous working conditions. Working in factories are meant for adults who have the experience. Children are not fit for working because of how inexperienced they are with the machinery.

DISCRIMINATED IMMIGRANTS

Around the mid 1800s immigration increased to the United States. One group that stood out was the Irish. Irish immigrants came to the U.S. because of a potato famine. With no food, they had to make a decision and that was to leave Ireland and come to the states. When they had made it many Americans acted disrespectful. "The largest waves of immigration were from Europe to the Americas in the 1800s... Many Americans in the 1800s distrusted the newer immigrants." Americans discriminated the Irish immigrants because of how they were not originally from America. Even though everyone in the United States have ancestors who did not originate from America.

WORKS CITED

"American Civil War." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 31 May. 2013. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/American-Civil-War/273689. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

"Child labor." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/child-labor/273637. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

"Immigration." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/immigration/399508. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

"Irish Potato Famine: victims of the Irish Potato Famine immigrating to North America by ship." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 9 Mar. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/181206. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

"Labor and Industrial Law." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 9 Mar. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/171159. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

"Slavery: slaves picking cotton." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 8 Mar. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/182300. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

"Zanzibar: slave trade." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 8 Mar. 2017. http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/182294 Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

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