Coral Reef Destruction Alyssa bloom & Bryce reasoner

Coral Reef Before and After

Impact

Coral reefs, unfortunately, haven't been a huge topic of discussion between everybody lately, with Donald Trump in office, terrorist bombings and other disasters worldwide many people just don't see the importance... but it's a big deal. Without these reefs many organisms would not get the nutrients they need and without these organisms our underwater food chain will change significantly, causing a loss of jobs to fisherman, and the pretty reefs we all once adored could be gone... for good.

Reef destruction

causes

Many things have caused coral reef destruction but the major factors are pollution, overfishing, and climate change. The struggle to help save these reefs began 30 years ago when the acidity in the water increased to a dangerous level. Professor Hoegh-Guldberg from the university of Queensland says that the coral reefs are “in an unprecedented state of decline due to pollution, overfishing, and climate change.” This means that we MUST TAKE ACTION, and fast. Pollution is the biggest issue in our reefs. Researchers such as Ted Levin say that part of the coral reef destruction is due to polluted runoff from places nearby. A major example of pollution is marine debris. When things like abandon fishing nets go into waters they can trap fish and other organisms that assist in growing coral reefs. The Northwesters Hawaiian Islands have this issue more than other places because they are a huge fishing ground. An example of overfishing is in the Mediterranean. Bluefin tuna numbers have increasingly declined since the 1970's and they are one of the fewest populated fish species now in the world. Climate change examples are endless but in coral reefs the biggest issue is the water being so warm that coral bleaching is more prominent and more likely to happen.

environmental impact

Examples of organisms that will be affected: Whale sharks, butterfly fish, spiny lobsters, dolphins and sea turtles. These organisms live in these reefs and eat their food in them as well, without these reefs these organisms will likely begin to die off which will cause a chain affect killing off more and more animals.

an underwater wildlife reserve

Solutions

When the Looe Key National Marine Sanctuary in Florida decided to ground three ships they saw a huge improvement in their underwater life. Congress later granted them 2,800 square-miles to be used as an underwater reserve for animals. If we do this for more reefs it can really help underwater life. We could also begin to do more research. The research will help us further understand how to help certain, specific, reefs. We can also move harsh and constant fishing away from the reefs and protect them more and put a ban on fishing in these areas. The last huge thing we could do is create a satellite like the Planetary Coral Reef Foundation did for the Florida reefs to get a better idea on what is happening to certain reefs and decide which measures we need to take next.Citations

Citations

  • TOM B. Race to save coral reefs from destruction 'could be lost within 10 years'. Independent (UK) [serial online]. September 24, 2013:Available from: Newspaper Source Plus, Ipswich, MA. Accessed April 10, 2017.
  • Levin T. To save a reef. National Wildlife (World Edition) [serial online]. February 1999;37(2):20. Available from: MAS Ultra - School Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed April 12, 2017.
  • Agardy, Tundi. &quot;America's Coral Reefs: Awash with Problems.&quot;<i> Issues in Science and Technology Vol.20 No.2</i>, 2004, pp. 35-42<i>, SIRS Issues Researcher</i>, <a href="https://sks.sirs.com" target="_blank">https://sks.sirs.com</a>.
  • Weber, Peter. &quot;Coral Reefs Face the Threat of Extinction.&quot;<i> USA Today (Farmingdale)</i>, May, 1993, pp. 62-65<i>, SIRS Issues Researcher</i>, <a href="https://sks.sirs.com" target="_blank">https://sks.sirs.com</a>.
  • Bruckner, Andrew W. &quot;New Threat to Coral Reefs: Trade in Coral Organisms.&quot;<i> Issues in Science and Technology Vol.17 No.1</i>, 2000, pp. 63-68<i>, SIRS Issues Researcher</i>, <a href="https://sks.sirs.com" target="_blank">https://sks.sirs.com</a>.
Created By
alyssa bloom
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by NOAA Photo Library - "reef1448" • Christian Steen - "Diving Maldives, 2009" • Stevebidmead - "butterflyfish fish tropical" • Ed Bierman - "California Spiny Lobster" • whiterabbitart - "dolphins" • Elias Levy - "Green Sea Turtle" • paleo_bear - "DSC_0198"

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