Coral reefs, unfortunately, haven't been a huge topic of discussion between everybody lately, with Donald Trump in office, terrorist bombings and other disasters worldwide many people just don't see the importance... but it's a big deal. Without these reefs many organisms would not get the nutrients they need and without these organisms our underwater food chain will change significantly, causing a loss of jobs to fisherman, and the pretty reefs we all once adored could be gone... for good.
Many things have caused coral reef destruction but the major factors are pollution, overfishing, and climate change. The struggle to help save these reefs began 30 years ago when the acidity in the water increased to a dangerous level. Professor Hoegh-Guldberg from the university of Queensland says that the coral reefs are “in an unprecedented state of decline due to pollution, overfishing, and climate change.” This means that we MUST TAKE ACTION, and fast. Pollution is the biggest issue in our reefs. Researchers such as Ted Levin say that part of the coral reef destruction is due to polluted runoff from places nearby. A major example of pollution is marine debris. When things like abandon fishing nets go into waters they can trap fish and other organisms that assist in growing coral reefs. The Northwesters Hawaiian Islands have this issue more than other places because they are a huge fishing ground. An example of overfishing is in the Mediterranean. Bluefin tuna numbers have increasingly declined since the 1970's and they are one of the fewest populated fish species now in the world. Climate change examples are endless but in coral reefs the biggest issue is the water being so warm that coral bleaching is more prominent and more likely to happen.