The Nordic Vikings This history of ancient vikings

There were many Viking settlements, like some in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, which all are parts of Scandinavia.
A rural town in Scandinavia.

Geography

Scandinavia is located far up to the north, about as far as the North Pole. A website states that, "Most parts of Scandinavia are either temperate or subarctic" That means that the climate is mildly chilly or pretty cold. Scandinavia is filled with short rolling hills. It's highest elevation point at 8,100 ft at Galhøpiggen. It also is pretty lush and green which explains some very beautiful sites.

A video of Norway from a bird eye view.

Some pictures of Denmark

Religion

In the text it states that, "There are 14 Norse gods that the Vikings worshiped: Odin, Balder, Frigg, Thor, Tyr, Loki, Freya, Bragi, Forseti, Heimdall, and Ve."

The Norse gods and godess's family tree. (Or at least what we know)

Gods

The text also states, "Odin is the chief of all gods and is the god of war, death, poetry, and wisdom. Balder is the god of light, joy, purity, beauty, innocence, reconciliation. Thor is the Norse god of thunder and is the son of Odin and is one of the most powerful gods. Tyr was the god of war and justice. Loki was the god of mischief and is certainly the most dangerous of all Norse gods. Bragi was the god of elegance and poetry. Forseti was the god of justice and the son of Balder. Heimdall was the god of light and the son of the nine mothers. Ve was the Scandinavian god."

Odin with multiple gods by his side.

Goddesses

Freya is the most beautiful of the goddesses and has the same powers as Frigg. Frigg is the wife of Odin and is the goddess of love and fertility.

Achievements

The text summarizes that one of the most memorable Viking achievements were their boats. They were long, versatile and were probably the the thing that spells out Vikings for really anyone. Another one of their achievements was nomadicaly conquering lots and lots of land in a short period of time. That caused them to expand their empire a long ways away from home.

A depiction of what a Viking ship would have looked like.

Politics

The Vikings had law and government without written laws or anything. All free men of the Viking community would meet up with other free men of the Viking community and make laws for that community therefore being a bit of an anarchy but with some structure to it.

The Celtic Viking king Olaf.

Economics

Before Vikings there were no towns at all. During the Viking age people would grow extra crops to trade with other Vikings to get things that they couldn't make themselves like metals. Vikings used Hacksilver to pay for their shopping. Hacksilver is just silver bent and treated like bullion.

A Viking trade booth

Social Structure

In the early Viking age, no national kings existed. There were three broad classes: The nobles or "jarls", the middle class or "Karls", and the slaves or "thralls". As the Viking age progressed, power began to centralize into a few strong leaders, who became the kings of Sweden, Norway and Denmark in the 9th century.

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