Geography Culminating Task By: Gillian Johnston

My countries

For my culminating task I chose three countries to determine the quality of life of. Quality of life is measured by the happiness of contentment of people in a country. Therefore, the countries I chose were: Greece which is located in Europe, has an HDI ranking of 29 and has a good quality of life, Romania which is also located in Europe, has an HDI ranking of 52 and has a reasonable quality of life, and Djibouti, located in Africa, with an HDI ranking of 168 and an okay quality of life in their country.

Map of each of my countries.

Greece, Europe

Greece

Out of the three countries I chose, Greece has the best quality of life. I'm sure it has it's faults but when looking at all the major statistics of things that affect quality of life in countries, Greece is doing well in all of them but could improve in some categories. All in all Greece, as a country, has a good quality of life.

A city in Greece.

Greece ranks relatively high on the HDI scale at number 29. Their life expectancy there is 81 years old and a literacy rate of 98% of people that can read. There are 100% of people in Greece that have access to safe water. The average income per capita is 18,099$ USD a year. The poverty rate in Greece is 15% of the population. Greece's GDP in 2013 was 21,956.41$ billion USD.

Romania, Europe

Romania

Romania was a hard country to judge the quality of life of. It has good enough results on the important things like access to safe water and literacy rate but it also has varying results in other important things that conclude that quality of life in Romania may be okay but that it's not as well off as life is in other countries with better assets.

Romania's HDI rating is 52, they have a relatively high life expectancy with people reaching 75 years of age, and 100% of the population there that have access to safe water. The poverty rate in Romania is 25% of the population. Romania's literacy rate is 99% of the country that can read. The average income there is 3,581.04$ USD per year. As of 2013 Romania's GDP is 189.6 billion dollars (USD).

Djibouti, Africa

Djibouti

Djibouti was the country with the worst quality of life of the ones that I chose. It has lower statistics than the other countries in most of the categories. In Djibouti there is only 0.04 of the country suitable for agriculture and the country gets very little rainfall, which effects their quality of life heavily. Though Djibouti is better off than some other countries, it definitely struggles and has a lower quality of life than most.

Town in Djibouti.

Djibouti sits at 168 on the HDI scale. Only 68% of people in the country can read and the countries life expectancy is low at 63 years old. 90% of people in Djibouti have access to safe water. Djibouti's GDP is 1.456 billion USD as of 2013. The average income there is 31,130.53$ USD. Djibouti's poverty rate is 23% of the population as of 2015.

How can we help?

How can we help?

Djibouti, as I've declared in my list of statistics, has a very low literacy rate compared to other countries with only 68% of the country that can read. I believe that having their literacy rate this low heavily effects their quality of life. Taking that into consideration I believe that we could help their country improve their literacy rate by doing a couple of these things:

1. Getting books. We would need books for all levels of reading so that the people there could not only learn the basics of reading but also gradually become very good at it.

Photo I took of some books.

2. We would need teachers. If not certified teachers than people that are very good readers that would be willing to volunteer their time to teach the kids and adults in Djibouti how to read.

There are only two things on that list but I believe that both of them together could help Djibouti to get a higher literacy rate and even possibly become a better country. However, it's not quite that easy. We would need someone, or something, to help us to achieve this goal to improve the literacy rate of Djibouti. In my research I turned up with a few organizations that could help solve some of our problems. They are:

Book Aid International

First is Book Aid International. In this organization they distribute books to libraries, schools, hospitals and many more and work to encourage literacy and access to reading materials in Sub-Sahara Africa (where Djibouti is) and the Middle East. In 2016 alone they sent 1,032,610 books to 14 different countries.

Children that have been able to have their lives bettered by Book Aid International.

Room To Read

Room To Read is a leading non-profit organization that focuses on girls education and literacy for children in Asia and Africa. The organization works in areas where numerous barriers prevent children to develope literacy skills they need to flourish, like in Djibouti. With this in mind, the organization partners with local governments to assist schools to address the challenges that they are facing and ensure children have the proper materials to develope strong literacy skills and a habit of reading. Together I believe that these organizations could possibly help Djibouti improve its quality of life.

Room To Read volunteer reading to some children.

In conclusion...

In conclusion, I chose three countries and found that essential factors like literacy rate, average income, HDI rating and access to safe water can affect and ultimately define a countries quality of life, depending on what the numbers and statistics are. Since the statistics for Greece are so well off, it lead it to ultimately having a better quality of life. Likewise, since the statistics for Djibouti were so low, it lead the country to have a bad quality of life. And since Romania's statistics varied but kept relatively in the higher areas, it directed the country to have an okay quality of life.

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