Africa: Past and Present By: Grace einhaus and travis benning

Land Use

The main way people use the land in Africa is subsistence farming. They don't do a lot of commercial farming which is important in Africa. Subsistence farming is when a farmer only grow enough food for their family, on the other hand commercial farming is when people farm to make a profit. This will cause a problem to other families who don't farm on their own, because Africa will not get a profit from crops if they don't sell anything. This will then lead to starvation. That is how they use the land and the problem that makes.

This is a picture of subsistence farming. http://archive.cnx.org/resources/2bbc984ac0f9bbbb9d7d5ea13b4598213fa9aee1/graphics1.png
This is a picture of commercial farming. http://www.stepbystep.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Difference-Between-Subsistence-and-Commercial-Farming2.jpg

Natural Resources

Their most "valuable" or "precious" resources are gold and diamonds. Half of the world's gold is found in Africa, and 65% of the world's diamonds are found in Africa.

This is a picture of gold and diamonds. http://www.globaltradingbusiness.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/product_gold.jpg

Democratic Republic of Congo

The problems in the Democratic Republic of Congo are that they have a bunch of natural resources, and they don't have any control over the resources. Armed rebel groups control the mines with the resources. The keep control by forcing people to work and smuggling and selling the minerals, which makes them money to buy weapons and bribe corrupt leaders in the government. The rebel groups bribe the leaders with money to stay out of the mines. These three minerals are the 3 "T's". These 3 "T's" are tin, tantalum, and tungsten. These minerals go into making all our electronics. No wonder the groups are so wealthy.

This is a picture of tantalum. http://technotes.alconox.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/tantalum.jpg
This is a picture of tungsten. https://www.tungsten.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/tungsten-raw.png
This is a picture of tin. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/multimedia/dynamic/02401/bl11_tin_jpg_2401545g.jpg

GDP Per Capita

There are five nations in Africa that have high GDP Per Capita. These five are Mauritius which their GDP is $12,800, South Africa which their GDP is $11,100, Botswana which their GDP is $9,200, Seychelles which their GDP is $7,800, and Namibia which their GDP is $7,300. There are also nations with pretty low GDP per capitas. There are 16 that had GDP's below $1,000. The reasons why the nations with the highest GDP's have higher ones than the nations under $1,000 is because they have better technology and more natural resources.

This is a country with the highest GDP. https://www.africaguide.com/image/country/mauritis/maps/mauritius_political_map.png
This is a country with one of the lowest GDP's.

Life Expectancy

28 of the 31 countries that have the lowest life expectancy are from Sub-Saharan Africa. This huge reason for this low life expectancy is HIV/AIDS. 31 million people in Africa have HIV/AIDS.

These are the countries with the lowest life expectancies. http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-top-ten/maps/countries-with-lowest-life-expectancy.jpg

Powerful Trading Empires

The three West African Kingdoms are Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. The Ghana Kingdom existed during 800-1054 CE, the Mali Kingdom existed during 1200-1400 CE, and the Songhai Kingdom existed during 1350-1600 CE. The trade network that the 3 West African Kingdoms participate in is the Trans-Saharan trade network. The two commodities that were traded were salt and gold. West Africans traded gold, and North Africans traded salt.

This is a picture of where the Kingdom of Ghana was located. https://i.ytimg.com/vi/e7LdfCDZCiE/hqdefault.jpg
This is a picture of where the Kingdom of Mali was located. https://i.ytimg.com/vi/e7LdfCDZCiE/hqdefault.jpg
This is a picture of where the Kingdom of Songhai was located. https://i.ytimg.com/vi/e7LdfCDZCiE/hqdefault.jpg

Slaves on the Trans-Saharan Network

North African Muslim tribes traded things for African slaves because Muslims can not enslave other Muslims. Muslim and African slave owners used there slaves in the military. The Muslim and African enslavement of Africans was different from Europe enslavement of Africans because they got more freedom. The Muslim slave owners let the slaves own land, be generals in the army, and gain their freedom easier.

This is a picture of the trade routes where the slaves were traded. http://images.slideplayer.com/13/4050750/slides/slide_6.jpg

King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu

Mansa Musa was the king of the Kingdom of Mali. He had about 400 billion dollars in gold. The King went on a famous hajj with 60,000 people, 80 camels carrying 300 pounds of gold each, he brought back Muslim scholars and architects to build cities, mosques, and schools in Timbuktu. The city of Timbuktu was a center of learning. There they learned religion, mathematics, music, law, and literature.

This is a picture of King Mansa Musa. http://www.siliconafrica.com/wp-content/themes/directorypress/thumbs//Mansa-Musa-mali-Empire-Richest-man-history.png

Ibn Battuta: Explorer

Ibn Battuta was 21 when he began his travels. He set out from Tangier, Morocco. He traveled 75,000 miles over Africa and Asia. He spent almost 30 years exploring. When his travel was over he wrote a book about is journey called the Rihla.

This is a picture of Ibn Battuta. http://arabiczeal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Tangier-Ibn-Battuta.png
This is a picture of Ibn Battuta's journey. http://orias.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/styles/width_300/public/map3-persia.jpg?itok=0KGdyIbN

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