WWI By: Lexie Nelson and Claudia McIntyre

"World War I broke out largely because of an arms race, and World War II because of the lack of an arms race" -Herman Kahn

Causes of World War One

A Serbian patriot killed the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. Germany backed up Vienna while Russia backed up Serbia. Later Russia began to attack which led to fighting in France which cause the war to break out.

The main cause was best described using the acronym: MAIN. Militarism: Germany wanted to dominate with military. Alliances: Countries were aligning with each other, creating the Central Powers and the Triple Alliance. Imperialism: Control of the colonies. Nationalism: Belief that their country is superior, causing all countries to be over confident in their belief of who's the best

America Joined the War Because....

In 1915, German U-Boats sunk the British passenger ship, the Lusitania, after having believed the ship to be smuggling arms.

The Zimmerman Telegram was the last straw for the United States. British intelligence intercepted a telegram from Germany to Mexico stating that if Mexico joined Germany to help defeat the United States then they would be given back the land that was taken from them by the United States.

Profile of An American Soldier

Henry Johnson was a famous member of the "Harlem Hellfighters" which was a National Guard unit that consisted of all-blacks.

In 1918 he was serving sentry duty in the Argonne Forest with another soldier. Later into their shift they were attacked by 20 German troops. Both men were severely wounded, but when the Germans were attempting to take his partner as prisoner, Johnson began to fight back with hand grenades and his rifle. After those were gone he used his rifle in hand to hand combat. When his rifle broke he used his knife to save his partner. In 1996 he was awarded the Purple Heart and in 2003 he received the Distinguished Service Cross.

"As a soldier, I survived World War I when most of my comrades did not." -Lester B. Pearson
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Doughboy was a term for a member of the United States Army or the Marine Corps though it was used to refer to members of the American Expiditionary Forces during World War 1. Doughboys were often troops deployed to Europe

Battle Summary

Battle of Tannenberg

One of the first battles in the WWI. Many Russian Troops were captured, 95 000, others were killed or wounded. The Germans suffered fewer than 20,000 casualties. The battle resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army and the suicide of its commanding general, Alexander Samsonov. This battle took place in Poland from August 26-30th, 1914. This war caused tensions between Germany, and France and the United Kingdom, because they let the Russian Armies organize and be brought to the front while they simply stopped the German Armies.

"What we know from World War I is that some of our troops had acute symptoms of exposure to chemicals, had bad health and died because of chemical exposure in World War I." -Christopher Shay

Men were motivated above all by comradeship as they fought alongside friends and companions. Effective training also helped, making soldiers familiar with the chaos and fear of the battlefield so that their actions in battle became second nature to them. But armies did not leave men's behavior in battle down to chance: the system of military discipline existed to coerce them into obedience. Wherever they fought, the impact of modern technologies combined with the political circumstances of the war made First World War combat a unique and terrible experience.

Many soldiers believe going into the war would bring pride and a sense of purpose. The German soldiers, although the war resulted in failure, felt that fighting was a heroic achievement when they won the Battle of Tannenberg, Hohenstein, etc.

Homefront Experiences

Women finally got to work in factories.

The war split the women's movement deeply. They either supported the war, or they opposed it. War mobilization gave new meaning to the new momentum to the sufferage fight. Because of the war, the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified. Despite the political victory, women's wartime economic gains proved fleeting.

"After World War I the resentment of the working class against all that it had to suffer was directed more against Morgan, Wall Street and private capital than the government" -C. L. R. James
American workers worked until victory. For the most part the government tried to treat labor fairly. They didn't completely succeed since the employers were pressing the labor force to have high wages and eight-hour days.

During World War One, you either worked in a factory or you fought on the battlefield.

Outcome of WWI

The Allies won WWI and defeated Germany!
Jun 28, 1919 – Jan 21, 1920

Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany was not allowed a place at the bargaining table, and aside from huge war reparations, territorial losses, demilitarization, and other terms, they were even forced to cede the territories they had already gained in the peace treaty on the eastern front.

Wilson's 14 Points was a speech given on January 8, 1918

Wilson's 14 Points was a speech given to Congress by President Woodrow Wilson declaring that WW1 was being fought for a moral cause and calling for peace in Europe.

There were many casualties over all of World War One. More than 38 million: there were over 18 million deaths and 20 million wounded, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.

Among the deadliest war in History.

Credits:

Created with images by PhillipC - "A World War 1 Story, Part 7" • kim.stovring - "495-schlacht-bei-tannenberg" • ralphrepo - "Yen's Soldiers, Militarism In China, Here Are Specimens Of The Soldiery Who Protect The People By Dominating Them, Who Protect Property By Looting It, Liao Chow, Shansi, China [c1925] IE Oberholtzer (probable) [RESTORED]" • dbking - "The Committee on Public Information during WW1" • elianemey - "skull cemetery genoa"

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