Canada 2041 Lets make canada great!

Introduction

Did you know that Canada has many issues that need to be solved as soon as possible. So we can have a better Canada in the future. But what are these issues and how will we solve them, by the end of this you will found out what we can do to fix these issues and make Canada better by 2041!

Issue

Alberta oil Sands

What are the Alberta Oil Sands?

Oil Sands are a naturally occurring mixture of sand, clay, water, and bitumen, which is a heavy and extremely viscous oil that must be treated before it can be used by refineries to produce usable fuels such as gasoline and diesel. The Canadian oil sands are the second largest oil reserve in the world, most of our oil sands are located in Alberta Canada, we can extract around 175 billion barrels of oil. Oil sands industry creates an economic benefit for Canada. As oil sands development increase many have concerns about the negative impacts that it causes. But oil sands are also giving the chance for many job opportunities. This shows you what oil sands are and some of the good and bad impacts it has on us.

How do we extract oil sands?

There are 2 major oil sand extraction methods: Surface mining and deep drilling which is call the situ method. Surface mining first strips the area of the overburden and creates a large open-pit mines from which the bitumen is removed from with shovels and trucks to be chemically and physically processed.Oil sand operators use surface mining when the bitumen is 70-100 m below the surface. When the bitumen is deeper they us situ drilling instead. The tech that made this method become possible was steam-assisted gravity drainage and also cyclic steam simulation. The oil can also be extracted by underground heating.

Process (steps)

1.Hot water is used to separate the bitumen from the sands. This step is called extraction and is not mandatory for in situ bitumen method.

2.Bitumen is heated and sent to drums where excess carbon is removed.

3.The heated hydrocarbon vapours from the coke drums are then sent to fractionators where vapour condenses into naphtha, kerosene and gas oil.

4.The end product is the synthetic crude oil. It is shipped by underground pipelines to refineries across North America to be refined into jet fuels, gasoline and other fossil fueled products.

Oil Sands

Issues of Population

FNMI people are having a lot of concerns towards the oil sands development, there concerns are loss of hunting and trapping, not enough compensation, habitat destructions, health concerns relating to the physical environment. The physical environment that is being affected has connections to the population of the FNMI and how the harmful gases being caused by the oil sands are risking their health. All the toxic contamination which is done to the water which was one of the major causes that oil sands had done to the physical environment, have affected FNMI so much that it increased the rate of cancer to the Indigenous Community and many people have moved out due to this issue. Also many people like to fish in those areas but with all the pollutions it causing tumours in the fish. And if someone eats one of those fish it could lead to them getting poisoned or even death. Because of all the pollution from the oil sands it causing new immigrants to not want to immigrate Alberta compared to all the other places in Canada. Because not only are the oil sands affecting their health it's affecting their crops and their community. People don't want to live in a community with bad climate

Pollution of oil sands

Issues of Physical Environment

The oil sands causes many issues towards the physical environment, the tar sands cover about 140,000 kilometers of land in Alberta. Left over Tar sands that cannot be gained from open pipe methods are extracted by using a method called the situ method, situ methods is used to recover bitumen that is too deep to be extracted using our normal method. The situ method uses steam which is then injected into the ground and as a result thin oil is pumped out. But the use of this method has it's effects. The open pit mines have destroyed 686 square kilometers of boreal forest. The Oil sands also use up a lot of water, they use 652 million cubic meter of water each and every year. Mine dumps are toxic, they are kept in lakes to store the waste, the toxic lake goes into waters and contaminate the fish and other wildlife that live in the nearby area. Tar sand also affect the air that we breath, tar sands release a large amount of sulfur dioxide which is a mixture of toxic gas and nitrogen dioxide which is a poisonous gas that could kill people. These harmful gasses are released into the environment but as a result there is a chance it could cause acid rain to fall. Because of all these reasons It's affecting all the people to not wanna live near the Oil sands because there is too much pollution and waste.

Contaminated Fish
Here is a before and after picture of the Boreal Forest

Issues of Resource & INDUSTRY

The oil sands are affecting our resources in a big way. We know that water is a big part of the physical environment but the oil sands consume 652 million cubic meters of our it. Fresh water is a very important resource that we have in our country Canada, and only 7% of the 20% of the world's fresh water we have is able to be extracted from the earth which leaves 13% unable to be reached. The oil sands production requires a large amount of water and most of its obtained from the Athabasca River which is located in Alberta Canada. To give you a look of how much water that is, the Alberta oil sands use more water per year than the entire city of Calgary does. There may not be enough water to complete all the the oil sands plans while keeping the regular stream flow.

You may be wondering what the role of water is in the extracting process of the oil sands? Water is used in the oil sands to separate the extra-heavy crude oil, which is also known as bitumen, from the sand, clay, and water which makes the oil sands. Water is also used up in the hydrogen production, where the steam reacts with the natural gas to produce hydrogen, which is then used in upgrading processes to convert the bitumen into synthetic crude oil.

What do we use the fuel which we extract from the oil sands for? We use fuel as a daily use we use it for to fuel cars, airplanes, power electricity plants. Fuel is also used to make medicines, cosmetics, plastics, synthetic fabrics and lubricants. There are so many different uses of fuel that it has become needed for a normal daily life style.

Fuel

Not only does the Alberta oil sands affect the water industry it also affects the fishing industry. As a result of the oil sands affecting our water source it also affects the fish in the water. The pollution cause the fish to get tumours, deformities, and signs of disease or infection. If someone ends up eating one of those contaminated fish it could lead to being very sick and even death.

Athabasca River

Livable Community

Transportation

Oil extracted from the sands are processed into fuel for our cars, the cars then cause greenhouse gases emissions to be released which results in climate change to our community. Most people in our community own fuel powered vehicles which cause more greenhouse gasses in our community. More greenhouse gases means more climate change.

Waste management

Wastewater from the extraction process of getting oil sands from the ground are emptied and stored in large toxic tailing ponds that are so big they can be seen from space. The toxic wastewater they put in tailing ponds leaks 11 million liters of toxic wastewater per day into the Athabasca river and then seeps into the groundwater. This impact caused a significant rate of cancer to many indigenous communities.

Wastewater

Solution

I have now considered all of the different aspects and all the different problems that oil sands causes to our community and citizens. With the fact that we can't just stop extracting it completely cause we need it for everyday use . So with all that i have came up with a long lasting solution that will help us make Canada better 2041.

Solution #1

So let's go back, the main problem out of everything is the pollution which causes so many other problems. The solution i have come up with is that their are many companies out there who have the technology and ability that would eliminate any new tailing ponds. But they won't do it until they are forced to by the government. So the solution is we have to make the government protect the public interest by regulating polluting companies. Let's get oil companies to spend there money on long-term solutions!

Solution #2

For my next solution that i have came up with, when we are mixing the hot water. Why should we have to use our freshwater supply? Instead of using our freshwater which we don't have a lot of. We should be using our salt water which isn't even drinkable and has no use to us until we find a way to filter it. The process will work exactly the same as if we were using our freshwater. The process is that the hot water is used to separate the bitumen from the sand which then makes the oil rise so even if we use salt water the oil will still rise the highest.

Solution #3

For my next solution in the part of the process where you have to use the hot water to separate the bitumen from the sand. You only have to do that if you're using the extraction process surface mining if you use the situ method you can skip this step completely and not have to use the fresh water at all, i talked about these different methods above and how they work. So if we just use the situ method then we can avoid this first step all together but companies are still using the surface mining anyways. So we need to explain to them why it affects our climate and we can skip it completely just by using this method.

Conclusion

In conclusion with these solutions i believe we can make a greater and better Canada for everyone by the year 2041. I hope we actually end up using these solutions so we can save canada and its people from harm.

Credits:

Created with images by PublicDomainPictures - "flag canada country" • Alexas_Fotos - "idea light bulb enlightenment" • urformat - "niagara cases water"

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