Ecuador Capital: Quito

Typical Clothes in Ecuador: Normally they wear jeans and a t-shirt or longsleeved shirts even though it is warm there. Some kids and teenagers in Ecuador wear convers but older adults wear leather shoes that are a little more formal.

Modern clothing

Cultural Clothes in Ecuador: Women wear a white blouse, a blue skirt and a shawl. Jewelry is also very important, layers of gold bead necklaces  and red coral bracelets are the most common form of jewelry. Men wear blue ponchos and calf- length pants. They also wear fedoras.

Cultural clothing

Climate: Generally speaking, Ecuador has two seasons: a wet season and a dry season. The Coast has an average temperature of 25°C (77°F) but because they are on the other half of the equator, the period from December to May (winter) is hot and humid. The rest of the year is warm and pleasant.

Climate region map

The Flag: Red stands for the blood shed by the soldiers and martyrs of the independence battles. Blue represents the color of the sea and sky. Yellow symbolizes the abundance and fertility of the crops and land. The shield is composed of mount Chimborazo, and the Guayas river which symbolize the beauty and wealth of the country.

Ecuador flag

Typical Food: One common good in Ecuador is Cuy (guinea pig). Another common food that Ecuadorians eat is Choclo con queso – Andean corn (large kernels) and cheese, served alongside hearty beans.

Cuy
Choclo con queso

Population in Ecuador: The population in Ecuador is 16.3 million.

65% mestizo (mixed Amerindian and Spanish)

25% are Amerindian

7% are Spanish or others

3% are black

Population map

Money in Ecuador:The Ecuadorian Sucre (ECS) is no longer in use. It was replaced with the United States Dollar (USD) on September 15, 2000.

1 USD is equivalent to 25000 ECS.

Ecuador money

Economy: The top personal income tax rate is 35 percent, and the corporate tax rate is 22 percent. Other taxes include a value-added tax and an inheritance tax. The overall tax burden equals 19.6 percent of total domestic income. Government spending has amounted to 42.4 percent of total output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 5.1 percent of GDP. Public debt is equivalent to 34.5 percent of GDP.

Type of Government: Ecuador’s political system is a representative democracy. The Government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. There is also an autonomous electoral agency called the Tribunal Supremo Electoral. Ecuador is separated into 24 provinces each of which is further divided into administrative cantones and parroquias.

President of Ecuador: Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado is an Ecuadorian politician and economist who has served as President of Ecuador since 2007. He was born on April 6, 1963. (53 years old) Election of a new president will be held on April 2, 2017.

Rafael

History of Ecuador: In the 15th century the people of Ecuador were conquered by the Incas. Then in 1534 the Spaniards conquered Ecuador. Later, in 1809 there was an uprising in Quito for freedom from Spain which was quickly put out. Then in 1820 Ecuador tried to break away again and asked Simon Bolivar for help. His lieutenant Antonio Jose de Sucre won the battle of Pichincha on May 24, 1822, which guaranteed Ecuadorian independence. Ecuador was then a part of Gran Colombia with Colombia and Venezuela. However, in 1830 Ecuador withdrew from Gran Colombia and formed it's own nation.

The official language of Ecuador is Spanish. About 93% of the population speak Spanish and about 7% speak a language called Quichua.

3 most popular religions:

Catholism

Protestant

Latter-day Saints

Religious building
Map of Ecuador

Slang words in Ecuador:

Farrear- To party

Ahuevar- To chicken out

Achachay- I'm cold/ It's cold

De ley- Obviously/ Of course

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