PTC Module 3 By: Kacie Griffin/EUH2001-0W58

Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry

The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement to include science into everyday life, apply social behaviors and make practical applications to science. (Darty) During this time, there was always lots of debate of science and religion and a lot of philosophers made progress towards those topics. Places such as reading clubs and voluntary associations allowed for social and intellectual interactions to emerge in growing cities. (Darty) Women were an important part of the Enlightenment. Antoine- Leonard Thomas wrote about how there was decay of men and women's roles, contributing to the "Woman Question". (Darty) This was a time to use scientific methods to examine and understand all aspects of life and to believe that nature is ordered and simple unchangeable laws govern. (Darty)

This source is an Instructor Commentary titled Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry.

This is significant because this was a time where science was actually applied to the human life. The people used science to help further understandings and to progress in new ideas that most likely wouldn't have come about without the used of science. It connects to the studies of Western Civilization because the Enlightenment is a big part of Western Europe history and it is a big section for learning. The Enlightenment was a great time period in the West.

Enter the Dragon: The Beginnings of English Chinoiserie, 1680-1710

One of the very first examples of the Chinoiserie is the Covered Punch Bowl which was copied by English potters and combined with conventional western ornaments. The figures and foliage used to decorate the bowl fascinated Europe. (Enter the Dragon) Another English idea that may have been influenced by the east was adding colors to ceramics other than blue and white. English added new colors to their pottery after the Japanese used dark red and gold colors. (Enter the Dragon) In London, they often mixed Chinoiserie with indigenous English imagery and used it on various pottery, such as mugs. (Enter the Dragon) Most Chinoiserie was displayed in intimate spaces and beginning in 1600, Europe started collecting trinkets of Chinoiserie and displayed them in small cabinets. (Enter the Dragon) The Western world was influenced by the east as they combined some of their principles with a few from around the globe.

This source is a Weblink titled Enter the Dragon: The Beginnings of English Chinoiserie, 1680-1710.

This is significant because it shows how the Western world didn't just advance on it's own. It used ideas from other places and incorporated them into their ideas that they had. It connects historically to Western Civilization because new art was being collected and produced during this time and this gives a little more in depth view on where some of the art comes from.

Of Elephants and Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830

Between 1789 and 1830, Paris was the center of life sciences in the Western world. (APS) The Jardin des Plantes and the Empress Josephine were two sites that produced new scientific knowledge, improved agricultural productivity and diversity, and helped promote economic prosperity. (APS) There are many objects that have never been exhibited in the United States including fossilized mastodon teeth sent by Thomas Jefferson to French scientists, a stuffed Australian black swan owned by Empress Josephine, and acorns and oak leaves sent to France by a man dispatched to North America. (APS) An exhibit in the museum titled "Hunting for Trees" showed how France's decreasing forests led to a search for useful and beautiful trees such as the Oak. (APS) Another exhibit titled "Everything Giraffe" showed how a baby American giraffe was led from Marseilles to Paris and showed the connections between scientists in Paris and Philadelphia. (APS)

This source is a Weblink titled Of Elephants and Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830

It is significant because the French had a lot to do with the Enlightenment period. France produced many scholars and philosophers that were able to create new ideas and connect with people in various places around the world. It connects to Western Civilization because the French in the Enlightenment period were very significant and proved to be helpful in incorporating science into daily life.

Goya & The Spanish Enlightenment

Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes is regarded as the most important Spanish artist of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.(Voorhies) His artwork went from joyful and lighthearted to pessimistic and searching. Goya reached artistic maturity during the Enlightenment. (Voorhies) Goya painted 63 tapestry cartoons for two royal palaces, including the San Lorenzo del Escorial and the El Pardo. The tapestries glorified activities of the rich, poor, young, and old in a playful manner.(Voorhies) When Goya was forty, he was appointed painter to King Charles III and then he was appointed to paint for Charles IV. Goya was ill for a long period of time and emerged deaf. (Voorhies) Goya kept painting and pledged his allegiance to the French regime. He painted scenes of war and turmoil from 1810 to 1820. (Voorhies)

This source is a Weblink titled Francisco de Goya and the Spanish Enlightenment.

It is significant because the Spanish Enlightenment brought about new artwork and philosophers. Goya was a huge contributor and without his work, there wouldn't be such an insight to what this time period was like. It connects to Western Civilization because Spain is part of the Western world and their time period of Enlightenment is very significant to science and history.

Works cited

Darty, Amy. "Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry" Accessed Feb. 4, 2017

Chipstone. "Enter the Dragon: The Beginnings of English Chinoiserie, 1680-1710" Accessed Feb. 4, 2017

American Philosophical Society. "Of Elephants and Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830" Accessed Feb. 4, 2017

Voorhies, James. "Goya and the Spanish Enlightenment" Accessed Feb. 4, 2017


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