He became pope on February 12, 1049, and assumed the name Leo IX.
He led a papal army to banish the Normans in 1053, and was captured by them and held captive for nine months.
He died shortly after he returned to Rome, on April 19, 1054.
Born in old Castile, Spain, he was trained for the priesthood by a priest-uncle
studied the arts and theology, and became a canon of the cathedral at Osma
On a journey through France he came face to face with the then virulent Albigensian heresy at Languedoc
St. Francis of Assisi was renowned for drinking and partying in his youth.
After fighting in a battle between Assisi and Perugia, Francis was captured and imprisoned for ransom.
Francis heard the voice of Christ, who told him to repair the Christian Church.
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