China's Iron Grip on the Internet by: Patrick Wu

China has always been known as a strict country that enforces many laws. But one of their most "touchy" subject, internet control, has come to the attention of many other countries as well. Recently, China has put in place new restrictions on websites and newspapers on what they can or cannot post. For instance, anything that has an opinions against the government views, isn't allowed to be on the internet, and if it is the company would be shut down, employees arrested, and article pulled down. The government also pulls down your WeChat account, which holds all of your banking data, communications, etc.

China has been so sensitive about information opposing the government being spread on the internet, that the government has devoted many teams of programming experts to create one of the most filtered, secured, and censored internet controls in the world. Everything that goes in and out of China, is searches, examined, and scrutinized over. Many keywords such as "Tianamen, student, protest" that are linked together, once let go of, just don't appear to others at all. China's firewall is nearly impossible to bypass, and those who do, get tracked down by the government to ensure that they don't do damage to China's sacred reputation.
China, unlike America, doesn't have freedom of speech, and freedom of press. Everything has to have an "okay" from the government to go through. Recently, China has strengthened their policies and laws about the internet, and in the process, have taken down several big websites that people use for their daily news. In WeChat, the government will weigh the amount of censorship it gives to people. If you own a WeChat that isn't linked to a chinese phone number, the the government won't censor you nearly as much as someone in China.

The main purpose of China's opposition to the people's opinion being spread around, is because they are afraid of a large scale rebellion against them. The Chinese people are what overthrew the dynasty system, and implemented the current one, the people in power don't want that to happen. They want to keep the country strong and unified at all costs. If word gets around about the under-hand dealings of the government, they would be in jail and no longer in a position of power.

Many companies have already come to China for it's booming business economy. But due to this, China gets to make the shots regarding the policies. So in order to make the big bucks in China, these companies must comply to their demands about restricting and censoring the internet.

China's restrictions for the internet is causing many problems. The flow of "freedom" that the internet provides, is being disrupted by this heavy censoring. People can't voice their own opinions on a platform that was created for such a purpose. People can't share their views without fear of the government breathing down their neck. This will leave an impression that China is just a coldhearted country that doesn't care about their people, and are only focused on power. This prompts the question, why does the government what to leave that sort of image for themselves? Don't they understand in order to further relations with other countries, they must respect the way yours is run? This is a very important issue because if the people of China are suffering from injustice, other countries will look down upon China, and although, China is a global superpower right now, that may change quickly if they keep this up.

This connects to Confucianism because if you don't treat others with respect, they won't treat you with the same respect back. Confucianism is all about respecting elders and doing what is right in society, or else you will be looked down upon. The core is to do what is right, based on good role models and teachers who can show you the way.

Picture Sources:

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/chinese-government-says-hosting-servers-china-now-daniel-drescher-%E5%A4%A7%E7%89%9B

http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1834506/chinas-publishes-draft-cybersecurity-law-implications

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/540716/tool-makes-it-easier-to-evade-online-censors/

http://www.presstv.ir/Detail/2015/05/25/412716/China-prison-tour-Hubei

https://www.ampower.me/article/SEM/Bing-Ads-Coupon-AdWords-Promo-Code-More-Worth-Over-1000-5-303389

Bibliography

Forsyth, Michael. “China Clamps Down on Online News Reporting.” The New York Times (New York, NY), July 25, 2016. Accessed February 2, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/26/world/asia/china-media-sina-sohu-netease-phoenix.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FInternet%20Censorship%20in%20China&action=click&contentCollection=world&region=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=3&pgtype=collection.

“For more than a century, men and women of The Times have jealously guarded the paper’s integrity. Whatever else we contribute, our first duty is to make sure the integrity of The Times is not blemished during our stewardship. At a time of growing and even justified public suspicion about the impartiality, accuracy and integrity of some journalists and some journalism, it is imperative that The Times and its staff maintain the highest possible standards to insure that we do nothing that might erode readers’ faith and confidence in our news columns. This means that the journalism we practice daily must be beyond reproach. Because our voice is loud and far-reaching, The Times recognizes an ethical responsibility to correct all its factual errors, large and small. The paper regrets every error, but it applauds the integrity of a writer who volunteers a correction of his or her own published story. We observe the Newsroom Integrity Statement, promulgated in 1999, which deals with such rudimentary professional practices as the importance of checking facts, the exactness of quotations, the integrity of photographs and our distaste for anonymous sourcing.”

- New York Times

Thus makes the Times a reliable source because not only have they won many awards for their articles and writing, but they uphold many standards for their writers, and if after many checks and edits, and screens, it turns out that the story isn’t credible, they won’t publish it. I am going to use this source mainly for specific details on what China is limiting and how they are doing so in terms of websites, movies, photographs, and via, shut-downs, restrictions on content etc.

Griffiths, James. “China holds ‘World Internet Conference’ as censorship intensifies.” CNN Tech. Last modified November 15, 2016. Accessed February 4, 2017. http://money.cnn.com/2016/11/15/technology/china-world-internet-conference/.

“CNN.com is among the world’s leaders in online news and information delivery. Staffed 24 hours, seven days a week by a dedicated staff in CNN’s world headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, and in bureaus worldwide, CNN.com relies heavily on CNN’s global team of almost 4,000 news professionals. CNN.com features the latest multimedia technologies, from live video streaming to audio packages to searchable archives of news features and background information. The site is updated continuously throughout the day.”

- CNN

CNN is a credible source because it has been used by many officials and notable people in their research, and if there was an irregularity in the information, it would have definitely been spotted by the tens of millions of people who get their information from CNN. I will use this source as for general laws and policies put in place by China in order to “censor the internet”.

Vanderklippe, Nathan. “China Takes Censorship to Sophisticated New Level.” Globe & Mail (Toronto), December 1, 2016. http://think.galegroup.com.ezy.hmsl.sirsi.net/ic/gic/NewsDetailsPage/NewsDetailsWindow?disableHighlighting=false&displayGroupName=News&currPage=&scanId=&query=&source=&prodId=GIC&search_within_results=&p=GIC%3AOVIC&mode=view&catId=&u=nysl_me_horman&limiter=&display-query=&displayGroups=&contentModules=&action=e&sortBy=&documentId=GALE%7CA472268843&windowstate=normal&activityType=&failOverType=&commentary=.

“In print for 172 years, The Globe delivers lively and authoritative coverage of national, international, business, technology, arts, entertainment and lifestyle news. We attract a six-day readership total of over 3.5 million* making our newspaper the most read across Canada. These numbers reflect the unwavering loyalty and engagement of our readers and our continual investment in quality content with broad appeal. Printed in full colour, on world-class paper stock, our newspaper uniquely showcases our award-winning journalism and your advertising on every page.”

- Globe & Mail

This makes Globe & Mail a good source because in the same case as CNN, it is being read by literally everyone in Canada, including fact-checkers, researchers, and notable journalist. With all these people observing their information, their would have already been a massive scandal and the company wouldn’t be in business. I would mainly use this information for some more specifics on what China is censoring.

Wong, Edward. “China Cracks Down on News Reports Spread via Social Media.” The New York Times (New York, NY), July 5, 2016. Accessed February 3, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/06/world/asia/china-internet-social-media.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FInternet%20Censorship%20in%20China&action=click&contentCollection=world&region=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=4&pgtype=collection&_r=0.

“As journalists we treat our readers, viewers, listeners and online users as fairly and openly as possible. Whatever the medium, we tell our audiences the complete, unvarnished truth as best we can learn it. We correct our errors explicitly as soon as we become aware of them. We do not wait for someone to request a correction. We publish corrections in a prominent and consistent location or broadcast time slot. Staff members who plagiarize or who knowingly or recklessly provide false information for publication betray our fundamental pact with our readers. We do not tolerate such behavior.”

- New York Times

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