Gestalt By: Zach Klaus & Elijah LIthgow

Definition

An organized whole that is perceived as more than the sum of its parts. (How do we perceive things the way that we do?)

History/Contributors to the theory

Founded in Germany in 1912, Gestalt (meaning shapre or form in German) is a philosophy of mind from the Berlin School of experimental psychology.

  • Max Wertheimer (1889 - 1943) lived in the Auro-Hungarian Empire, Germany, and the USA.
  • He was the pioneer of the theory and created the closure, similarity, and proximity laws.
  • Wolfgang Kohler (1887 - 1967) lived in Estonia, Germany, and the USA.
  • Best known for work on insight (problem solving and connections)
  • Kurt Lewin (1890 - 1947) lived in Prussia, Germany, and the USA.
  • Known for Field theory, human interaction to the environment, and social psychology.

Laws

(Grouping or separating patterns)

Similarity - Items that are similar are grouped together

Pragnanz - Our reality is reduced to as simple as possible

Proximity - Objects that are close to each other are grouped together

Continuity - Lines are seen as following the smoothest path

Closure - Objects grouped together are seen as a whole

How it explains ABC’s

It explains human behavior, affect, and cognition by showing the studies of the human mind as a whole. It suggests that we can't simply focus on every small component.

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.