My Trip to Egypt
The capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". It is located on both banks of the River Nile near the head of the river's delta in northern Egypt and has been settled for more than 6000 years, serving as the capital of numerous Egyptian civilizations. Cairo is known locally as "Misr", the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its centrality in Egyptian life.
Greater Cairo is spread across three of Egypt's administrative governorates. The north eastern part is known as Kaliobia Governorate, while the west bank is part of the governorate of Giza, and the eastern parts and south eastern parts are another governorate known as Cairo, the three parts are known together as greater Cairo. The city is marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West, the ancient and the modern. However, the city also reflects Egypt's growing poverty, and it struggles to cope with problems caused by massive population growth, urban sprawl, and a deteriorating infrastructure.
The city of Cairo covers an area of more than 453 sq km (more than 175 sq m), Bracketed by the desert to the east, south, and west and bounded by the fertile Nile delta to the north, Cairo sits astride the river, though it spreads farther on the east bank than the west. Cairo also includes several river islands, which play an important role in the life of the city.
The centre of downtown Cairo is Tahrir Square, located on the east bank. A hub of tourist activity, the vast and open square contains numerous attractions, including the Egyptian Museum, the Arab League headquarters, and the modern Umar Makram Mosque. Extending from north to south along the east bank of the Nile is the Corniche, Cairo's main thoroughfare. Located nearby is the narrow strip of land known as Garden City, one of the city's newer residential areas. In the centre of the city is the river island of Zamalek (also called Jezerah, meaning "the Island"), which contains the upscale residential and commercial neighborhood also known as Zamalek, the Cairo Opera House (founded in 1869), and the Cairo Tower (1961). Three bridges link the island with both banks of the river. The island of Al-Rodah, located to the south, is linked to the mainland by two additional bridges, while another bridge to the north carries road and rail traffic across the Nile.
Outside the city's central area on the east bank, spanning from the northeast to the southeast, are the neighborhoods of Islamic Cairo. These neighborhoods are known for their narrow streets, crowded markets (bazaars), and hundreds of Mosques, many dating back to the medieval period. South of the Islamic district is Old Cairo, where some of the city's oldest architectural monuments can be found. Old Cairo is the home of Cairo's Coptic Christian community, and the site of the Coptic Museum plus a number of Coptic churches.
Students of Billabong High International school went to Egypt on an educational trip .We were a group of 23 students.On 15th March the students assembled at Terminal 2 airport and we flew to Egypt by Egypt Air at around 2.30 am. On reaching Cairo at 5.30 am we were happy to see the peaceful atmosphere on the streets of Egypt , as we passed by the roads we could see old buildings and one thing amazed us was there was no public transport. We reached Giza and checked in to Le Meredian pyramids Hotel .The ambiance of the hotel really pleased the children and after breakfast we checked into our rooms.Our room had a breath taking view of one of the ancient wonders of the world, pyramids of Giza.
When we reached the site where the Pyramids were located , we were mesmerized.The Great Pyramid a true masterpiece and has rightly earned the title of a “Wonder”. It was built with such precision that our current technology cannot replicate it. Historical analysis shows that the Pyramids were built between 2589 and 2504 BC. There are so many interesting facts about this Pyramid that it baffles archaeologists, scientists, astronomers, and tourists.
The Pyramid of Menkaure, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Pyramid of Khufu are precisely aligned with the Constellation of Orion
The granite coffer in the “King’s Chamber” is too big to fit through the passages and so it must have been put in place during construction.
The coffer was made out of a block of solid granite. This would have required bronze saws 8-9 ft. long set with teeth of sapphires. Hollowing out of the interior would require tubular drills of the same material applied with a tremendous vertical force.
It was originally covered with casing stones (made of highly polished limestone). These casing stones reflected the sun’s light and made the pyramid shine like a jewel. They are no longer present being used by Arabs to build mosques after an earthquake in the 14th century loosened many of them. It has been calculated that the original pyramid with its casing stones would act like gigantic mirrors and reflect light so powerful that it would be visible from the moon as a shining star on earth. Appropriately, the ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid “Ikhet”, meaning the “Glorious Light”. How these blocks were transported and assembled into the pyramid is still a mystery. – http://www.gizapyramid.com/general.htm
On 16th March 2017 I woke up in my room at Le Meredian pyramids the morning view of the The Great pyramid from my window was mesmerizing, I wondered about the glory of the site,wondering about the artifacts that were found by the archaeologists.I was looking forward to my visit to the museum that morning.After breakfast we boarded the bus and arrived at the museum and I was eager to go inside to see the breathtaking displays of the artifacts, especially the room that displayed the treasures of the Tutankhamun
The Egyptian Museum of Antiquities is considered to be one of the oldest, most famous, and largest museums in the world. The Egyptian Museum of Antiquties has a long history that dates back to the year 1825 when Mohamed Ali Pasha, the ruler of Egypt at the time, issued a decree to establish a museum for the antiquities of Egypt and the first location of the museum was in front of the Azabakeya Lake, between the squares of Opera and Atabba today.
Egyptian Museum, Arabic Al-Matḥaf al-Miṣrī, museum of Egyptian antiquities in Cairo, founded in the 19th century by the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette and housing the world’s most valuable collection of its kind.
The Egyptian Museum was founded in 1858 at Būlāq, moved to Al-Jīzah (Giza), and moved to its present site in 1897–1902. It is unique in its presentation of the whole history of Egyptian civilization, especially of antiquities of the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods. The more than 100,000 items in the museum include some 1,700 items from the tomb of Tutankhamen, including the solid-gold mask that covered the pharaoh’s head. Other treasures include reliefs, sarcophagi, papyri, funerary art and the contents of various tombs (including that of Queen Hetepheres), jewelry, ornaments of all kinds, and other objects. There is a block statue of Queen Hetepheres, one of the earliest examples of its type, and there is also a black granite sculpture of Queen Nefertiti. A sculpture of Amenhotep II shows him as the god Tenen. There are also granite figures of Queen Hatshepsut, as well as colossal figures of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) from Karnak. The museum also houses a small but fine collection of Fayum portraits from Hellenistic and Roman times.
Next Day after breakfast we flew to Aswan, to visit the world famous Dam ,the Aswan Dam.
Aswān, also spelled Assuan or Assouan, Greek Syene, city, capital of Aswān muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile River just below the First Cataract. It faces the island of Elephantine , on which stand the ruins of the ancient city of Yeb.
Aswān was the southern frontier of pharaonic Egypt. Its local quarries supplied granite for many ancient Egyptian monuments and are still operated.
on our visit to the Aswan dam we learnt about many interesting facts
The Aswan Dam is located in Egypt and it crosses the River Nile, the longest river in the world.
It took 10 years to build the dam and work was completed in 1970. The dam is also called Saad el Aali in Arabic.
During the construction process of the Aswan Dam, more than 90,000 Nubians were relocated as far as 45 kilometers away from their homes. This was meant to provide a large enough space for the completion of the dam.
According to studies, the Aswan Dam contributes to more than half of the total power supply in Egypt.
The Aswan Dam was incredibly expensive to build.
The Aswan Dam allowed the flow of the Nile to be controlled and its waters to be used for irrigation of crops, drinking water and to generate hydroelectric power.
The Aswan Dam generates up to 10 billion kilowatts per hour of hydroelectric power. This is enough electricity to run 1 million colour televisions for more than 20 years.
This dam was planned by British engineers but built by a different team of engineers from the Soviet Union.
The Aswan Dam is approximately 11,811 feet long, 364 feet high with a base of around 3215 feet.
Before the Aswan Dam was constructed, many Ancient Egyptian monuments (such as the statue of Ramses the Great in Abu Simbel) had to be moved in order to stop them being flooded.
Lake Nasser, a massive reservoir, was created by the Aswan Dam.
After our guide explained the facts about Aswan dam we clicked pictures and the weather was very pleasant.Our bus now moved to the banks of the River Nile ,where our cruise "Royal Princess" was docked .all the students were really very excited as they clicked pictures of the interior of the cruise which reminded us of The Titanic , as the interior of the cruise had a similar background in the reception .
The students checked in their rooms and after lunch they took rest as they were really tired .In the evening we went for a feluca ride in the pleasant weather it was fun as the boatman sang some Nubian songs and the students enjoyed.
we visited the unfinished Obelisk and the weather was really stormy, after that we went to jewelry showroom where the students shopped for beautiful jewelry. I too bought a pendant of queen Nefertiti and a cartouche and a ring .
The cartouche and the ring had my name written in hieroglyphics.
Next morning we were woken up early as our cruise landed in Komombo island and we visited the temple of Horus.
The Kom Ombo Temple has a double design with 2 entrances and duplicate rooms. The south part of the double temple is offered for gods Sobek (crocodile god of fertility and creation), Hathor (goddess of love, joy and motherhood) and Knhonsu (moon god). The north part is dedicated to Panebtawy (lord of 2 lands), Tasenetnofret (Good sister) and Horus the elder (Falcon god).
The need to build a double structure for the gods is opened up because according to Egyptian mythology, Sobek is an enemy of Horus because of its alliance with the wicked god Seth. In order to appease both alliances, the people of the place built the double Kom Ombo temple. The south part is full of crocodile representations because it is offered for Sobek. The north part is full of falcon representations as a sign of reverence to Horus.
The structure is filled with duplicate architecture. There are 2 courts, 2 colonnades, 2 hypostyle halls, and 2 sanctuaries. Although some of the original items and carvings in the temple are no longer present today, you would still appreciate the unique Egyptian style in the place. Each of the courts before has each set of priests will have its own worship and prayer rituals.
The temple is a brainchild of Ptolemy VI Philometer and was continued by Ptolemy XII building the exterior and interior hypostyle walls full with representations of surgical tools. Due to natural weathering, the temple was slowly disintegrating in the 18th century but due to the efforts of De Morgan he renovated the place circa 1893.
In ancient Egypt, crocodiles were considered as gods. People offer sacrifices to the once vast population of crocodiles in the Nile River. The temple displays several crocodile mummies found near the place.