A setting is where an event or story takes place. It can be noticed through the surroundings and the speech of the characters. With the number of servants "huddled together like a flock of sheep" (42), in fear of Dr. Jekyll, and the way the head butler, Poole, speaks saying, "You know the doctor's ways, sir, and how he shuts himself up. Well, he's shut up again in the cabinet" (41), we can inquire that this is set in the Victorian England Period. The author gives us part of the year, always leaving out the last two digits, leaving us with 18-. In this time, there were huge differences between the rich and the poor.
Many ways to tell a person's character is through their physical appearance, thoughts/opinions (if given to us), actions, speech/dialogue, and even direct characterization throughout the texts, making it easier to determine the type of person one is.
- Dr. Henry Jekyll - plays by the rules, throws dinner parties, does anything any other 'good guy' would do. He is a scientist who experiments with potions with a goal in mind, that goal is to no longer be that good character, but the opposite, Mr. Hyde.
- Mr. Edward Hyde - evil alter-ego of Dr. Jekyll, comes into play originally through drinking a potion, then slowly begins to take control of the body. You do not want to cross this guy on the streets, there is real no rhyme or reason as to why he attacks/kills the people he does, its just mere coincidence; run into him, end up in the news tomorrow. He is short, and very ratty looking, so it would be easy to avoid, but still, stay away at all costs!
- Mr. Gabriel Utterson - a trustworthy lawyer, and the man we follow throughout the story. Unfortunately, he is not that interesting of a character, and his friend group include that of his family, or even childhood/school friends.
- Dr. Hastie Lanyon - he too is a scientist, the difference between him and Dr. Jekyll, however, is the whole scientific dilemma that ultimately led to Dr. Jekyll's death. It also led to Dr. Lanyon's death, because in watching his friend change from a decent fellow to an evil man, instead of facing the truth, he just dies.
- Mr. Einfield - a very minor character, but gives us the major tale of the story. Mr. Hyde. He has a good sense of morals, and very proper in the ways of manners. Not as curious as Mr. Utterson is about this strange creature, he saw him trample a girl and yet did not care for either of the two after he paid up.
- Poole - Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde's butler, very stereotypical one at that, he is very polite, loyal, he has worked there for over 20 years, and even knowledgeable about his master(s).
Metaphors / Allegories
- "I gnashed my teeth upon him with a gust of devilish fury; and the smile withered from his face..." - this shows how even just Mr. Hyde's looks can give away the kind of character he is, just by his scary, deformed features.
- "with ape-like fury" - not sure whether this would qualify as a simile or not, but it is o way to say destructive, or un-civilized.
- Jekyll's House has two sides, just like he does. One is that of social norms, whereas the other is disorientated like Mr. Hyde. This is a visual representation of all man kinds dark side.
Point of View
This is a limited third person perspective. A regular third person story is told from the view of the author, or some narrator. A limited one only shows the thoughts and feelings of one character, in this case Mr. Utterson. This adds to the suspense, since we don't get to hear the full story until he does. We not as exciting of a narrator, as let's say Dr. Jekyll, however, he does care about his friend's well-being and does not project any of his opinions into the story.
Mood and Tone
It is a shockingly dark story. Many sentences within the novel dramatizes the tone of shock. "...a ginding of bones, deadly nausea, and a horror of the spirit that can not be exceeded at the hour of birth or death." There is also this mysterious fog that appears every time Mr. Hyde makes an appearance, giving an eerie feeling, that could turn one's own stomach.
- Good vs. Evil - The inner battle of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde fighting for control of the individual. Good and evil will always be a part of us, forever intertwined within the fabrics of life.
- Science - This is the start of it all, a decent man wanted to show his evil side, and to do so, this scientist had to create a potion. Dr. Jekyll is into the supernatural aspects of science, whereas Dr. Lanyon was into the more traditional sciences.
- Religion - Mr. Hyde is often seen as Satan, the disfigured short, scary man, what else would he be? He also destroyed Dr. Jekyll's favorite religious works, which was often talked about throughout the novel, not that specific book, but religion. This is very similar to the theme good vs. evil