i. During the early 1960's, racial injustice was still an issue in America. Colored people, and black rights supporters were sick of the lack of representation, and wanted to find a way to speak up for themselves without violence. The idea of non-violent protests grew, and they came up with a situation they'd call a Sit-in. This would consist of colored people coming into diners in mostly white populated villages, and they'd sit. Sitting in the spots 'reserved for' or 'assigned to' white people, they wouldn't move. Regardless of what was thrown at them, there was to be no violent reaction from the protesters.
Many important names go down here. Some people who endured these protests were Joseph A. McNeil, and Franklin E. McCain. These two men were apart of the sit-in at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.
Pictured here Franklin E. McCain and Joseph A. McNeil.
During these sit-ins the colored people involved would have things thrown at them such as hot coffee, food, etc. The white people would attempt to shove them off of their chairs, they'd spit in their faces and call them dirty names. This took more than just physical strength, it took moral and emotional strength to keep from reacting badly.
Without these protests, it would've taken civil rights leaders much longer to achieve what they had been striving for, equal rights for those of different races. Without Sit-Ins, civil rights would've happened, but they sped up the process and got the ball rolling.
Now, the groups that face injustice are usually LGBTQ+, and Black Lives Matter. These two groups perform a number of protests that are trying to achieve justice, just as civil rights leaders have in the past with Sit-Ins. Initially these protests were nonviolent, but just like the Sit-Ins, violence broke out from time to time because of outsiders reactions to the situation.
Woolworth's Lunch Counter - Separate Is Not Equal. (n.d.). Retrieved April 26, 2017, from http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/6-legacy/freedom-struggle-2.html\
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The Greensboro Sit-Ins. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2017, from http://nchistory.web.unc.edu/the-greensboro-sit-ins/
History.com Staff. (2010). The Greensboro Sit-In. Retrieved April 27, 2017, from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/the-greensboro-sit-in?scrlybrkr=55c5ecae