Reform Movements By: Alayna Buckler p.1

Foundations of Reform

The efforts during the 19tg century came out of religious movements that soon moved across the USA. One mass movement is the second great awakening; the revival of religious feeling and belief that took place in the 1820's through the 1830's. More movements were formed that helped shape the America we have now.


William Lloyd Garrison and the Grimke Sisters.

In the mid 1800's, America was growing with both white and black citizens who were speaking out against Slavery. William Lloyd Garrison was an example of a vocal abolonist and publisher of a newspaper called The Liberator; Garrison also formed the Anti-Slavery Society during the year of 1833. Both Angelina and Sarah Grimke traveled all over the U.S. and gave lectures about the evils of slavery and how bad it was.

The famous slaves who changed our present time frame.

The Slaves that are shown above are very known from their actions and the things they did. For example Fredrick Douglass and Sojourner Truth. These two people are famous abolinists during the abolonists movement. Harriet Tubman is also known for taking slaves to freedom in the Underground Railroad.


When Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Santon attended the World Anti-Slavery convention In London, 1840. The women weren't allowed to speak out, because they were women. Both Santon and Mott were mad, becasue of the things they were limited to do. Both of them were daughters to a judge, so they decided to host a National Women's Rights in New York. The organizers of the convention modeled their proposal for women rights, the declaration of sentiments , on the Declaration of Independence. The Seneca Falls convention demanded equality for women everywhere.

Prison Reform and Care of the Disabled

Doretha Dix

Doretha Dix, as a favor from one of her friends, she would teach Sunday school at a prison. Her kindness began to lead to a reform movement in the prison she was teaching at, and the treatment of the mentally ill. Dix became overwhelmed with the things she saw while she was teaching. For example: people in chains, people in cages, children locked with adults, short food supply, and prisoners crowded into dark damp cells. After touring many other prisons, Dix issued a report to state legislatures highlighting horrible conditions, when she got her report the lawmakers began to create mental hospitals for the mentally ill.

Public Education

Public Education and Horace Mann

During the mid-1800's the refor, movement began to move into school classrooms. During the time frame, only a small amount of children attended school due to the cost. A man named Horace Mann led or made an effort to change the practice. He later earned the name "father of American Public Schools" Mann served as the head of the state board. He also spoke to citizens about the importance of public Education, it would soon make a created citizen.

Temperance Movement

During the late 1820's, a widespread of alcohol abuse was spreading among men and women, and children. The temperance movement was a public campaign against the sale or drinking alcohol. In 1850, Maine banned the sale of alcohol and other states soon followed the similar legislation. The laws became repealed, but the movement began to strengthen in thE late 1800's

Labor Reform

Child Labor workers

Where citizens worked to earn money for their families, the workplace were sicking. A campaign was formed to decrease or lower the number of hours to only 8 a day. This movement also helped to improve child labor laws. Sooner or later, unions were created to help workers (AFL/CIO) and women in Lowell,Massachusetts.

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