Over more than 20 years Sithamparapuram received many waves of newly displaced, but also saw regularly people leaving, either to return to their village, or to move to a relocation site. Small relocation took place in the 90s, but in the years 2001 -2003 several big relocation sites were established in Vavuniya District, which were in the first place meant for landless IDP families, in particular large families. With the escalation of the civil war in the North in 2008 Sithamparapuram received again a big influx of IDPs, and became a very crowded place with some 4000 inhabitants at the height of the emergency. Only after the end of the war in May 2009 a steady decrease of the population in the welfare centre took place.
The 192 IDP families that were still living in the welfare centre in 2016 had all been there for many years and had no place to go back to, nor did they want to leave Sithamparapuram. They then lobbied and demonstrated at local government offices for several years requesting permission to remain on the land of the welfare centre.
In general the people are happy about their situation, they now got their own land, although some are still awaiting the official documents. A school, rural hospital and the Grama Sevaka office (local government) are all in the vicinity, and electricity and a bus service are available. Water and sanitation still remain somewhat problematic. The old communal latrine blocks are no longer functioning, and some of the five tube-wells are now located in the land given to families. The Government has promised 20 toilets, but now that families have their own land, family toilets are in fact what is required.