The Sahel spans the southern edge of the Sahara—the area of transition between the Sahara and the Sudanian savanna. The Sahel was once a green and lush region that supported millions of lives over many generations. It slowly started to degrade and became increasingly dry and infertile. The lack of fertile land to grow food soon spiraled into poverty, food and water shortages, conflicts over natural resources and forced migration.
The goal of this movement is a simple one: grow an 4,970-mile-long natural wonder of the world across the entire width of Africa. Grow vegetation to stop the growth of the Sahara desert. Once complete, the wall will be largest natural living structure on the planet—three times the size of the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Green Wall is expected to be complete by 2030.
By 2030, the movement aims to restore 100 million hectares of land that is currently degraded, capturing and storing 250 million tonnes of carbon (carbon sequestration) and create 10 million jobs in rural areas. According to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, this project will help communities living besides the wall to:
- Grow fertile land, one of humanity’s most precious natural assets
- Grow economic opportunities for the world’s youngest population
- Grow food security for the millions that go hungry every day
- Grow climate resilience in a region where temperatures are rising faster than anywhere else on Earth
- Grow a wonder of the world spanning 4,970 miles across Africa