Baby sold twice in eight months, by dad and doctor press review by margaux thorillon

“India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grand mother of legend and the great grand mother of tradition” ― Mark Twain

India is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.3 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. Their national currency is the India Rupee. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east. Its capital is New Delhi, Mumbai is the largest one; while other metropolises include Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad.

Their official language is Hindi, spoken by more than 50% of the country's population, and also English. Their main religion is Hindu (79,8% of the population), followed by Muslim (14.2%), Christian (2.3%), Sikh (1.7%), other and unspecified (2%), according to a 2011 report.

"Truth alone triumph" is their motto

The urban population represents 32,7% of the country, that is not that much compared to European countries such as France with a rate of 79,5%, United Kingdom with 82,6%, or even in the United States of America with 81,6% of the population.

With over one billion people, twenty one different languages, and a compelling history rich with dynamism and determination, India is a country like no other. It is the cradle of Bollywood, and Hinduism. It is a very diverse country, as regards ethnicity, religion, and linguistic.

“We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.” ― Albert Einstein
Kolkata

Now that the context is settled, let's focus on the article. The scene took place in Kolkata that is the third most populous city in India with more than 14 million inhabitants. Also known as “City of Joy” or “City of Palaces”, it is the cultural capital of India, and the principal commercial and education center of East India.

However, despite that pleasant presentation made concerning India and Kolkata, there still are issues to point out. Indeed, this article deals with child trafficking, rape, corruption, and women devaluation. To sum up the press article: it is about a baby, that has been sold twice in eight months, as tells the title. The mother, that is only 16 years old, was lured by Berra (the baby's father) in order to have physical relation with him. Afterwards, she got pregnant: Bera took her to Contai while telling her they will get married. Once there, she realized he already had a wife, with children. He sent her to a nursing home, and forced her to give up on adoption, and sent her to a nursing home where he sold the baby to a doctor (Suman Haldar), for RS 90,000 that represents a bit more than 1,200€. But the story doesn't stop here. The doctor sold again the baby, when his wife gave birth to a boy: they decided to separate from the baby, because it was a girl.

That appalling story is unfortunately common in India. Probably not the fact that the baby was sold twice, but children trafficking, rape, corruption, and that way to treat women. These subjects are heading Indian's news, everyday.

Child trafficking and rape

It is in India that the rate of children trafficking is the largest one, concerning labour, begging and sexual exploitation. Child trafficking has taken a real part of India's economy, since it caused a cash crackdown due to the decrease. According to International Labour Organization, India has almost 6 million child workers, but activists are contesting this report, since they consider it is way underestimated.

Every year, thousands of children are being trafficked from India’s remote (poor) rural areas and sold into work in cities, often as domestic staff for wealthy families. More than half of them are working in agriculture, and almost a quarter in manufacturing such as embroidering clothes, weaving carpets or making match sticks. Some children are also working in restaurants, shops and hotels as domestic workers. They are taken to cities by gangs who sell them into bonded labor, force them into sex work or hire them out to unscrupulous employers. In many cases, they are unpaid. Thus, human trafficking and child labor were among the largest sources of black money in India.

Despite all of that, the authority are trying to improve the situation. They have created and established laws, such as the fact that banks are meant to alert the Reserve Bank of India and tax authorities of any unusually large sums being exchanged, which may be the product of illicit activities. They are also introducing social welfare programs for the poor, raising awareness on trafficking and child labor, and providing good quality education for all. As for rape, it is something punished by the government, and still one the worst crime people can be sentenced for.

Corruption

In all developing countries, corruption is something usual. India remains one of the most corrupt countries in the world, according to a recent report by Transparency International. Corruption is perceived as “just the way things are in the country”. It goes from embezzlement of public money, to abuse of power.

In a study conducted in 2008, Transparency International reported that about 40% of Indians had first hand experience of paying bribes or using contacts to get jobs done in public offices. As said previously, it is considered as something usual and people are used to it. In the press article mentioned, we witness that even the medical professionals are corrupted concerning human lives, and child trafficking since it goes in their way, and help them earning money.

Index of corruption by Indian states in 2005

India’s rampant corruption persists as serious issue for the nation. It played a major role during the 2014 election for prime minister, when deciding between the governing Congress Party and the opposition party’s candidate, Narendra Modi. Modi's central aims was to end corruption, and his message resonated with the country’s hundreds of millions of voters who supported him.

Women devaluation

In Asia, people do not exist as an individual person, but as part of their family, or cast. Indian are considered as part of that group, the cast, that you cannot leave: it's "printed" on their existence, it is guiding their whole life. People are not that much free, and must act according to what is dictated to them: they are not actually able to decide for themselves.

In modern India, women played an important role for the country, including as President, Prime Minister, Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Leader of the Opposition. Yet, generally women are still exposed to numerous social issues in India. According to a global study conducted by Thomson Reuters, India is the "fourth most dangerous country" in the world for women.

Gender inequality is a form of inequality which is distinct from other forms of economic and social inequalities. It has an impact on development goals, as it reduces economic growth. Many developing countries including India have displayed gender inequality in education, employment and health. It is common to find girls and women suffering from high mortality rates and vast differences in education level.

Women are under the pression of men during their whole life. From their dad, to their husband, they must act as they are told to. Widows are considered as outcast, and girls do not have the same rights as men.

Sources

Credits:

Created with images by VinothChandar - "A baby is born with a need to be loved and never outgrows it. ~ Frank A Clark" • pradippal - "indian flag flag india" • public.resource.org - "Photo 22433" • kg.abhi - "The Sea of (light) houses from the sky!" • Alex Panoiu - "Warning Sign "Children" on DN1 (E60) in Româneşti near Ploieşti" • keenicon - "currency indian currency rupee" • tpsdave - "bodoland india women" • WDnetStudio - "digital marketing emarketing the positioning of the"

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