Mayan Game; Pok-a-Tok Created by: Ericka Spence

The Maya civilization was a mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya people. It is known for its hieroglyphic script as well as its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.

The earliest Maya settlements date to around 1800 B.C., or the beginning of what is called the Preclassic or Formative Period.

During this Period of Maya civilization (A.D. 250 to 900), the Mayans built great stone cities and monuments that have fascinated explorers and scholars of the region.

The area of the Maya civilization extended throughout the northern Central American region, including the present-day nations of Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras and El Salvador, as well as the southern Mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco, and the Yucat‡n Peninsula states of Quintana Roo, Campeche and Yucat‡n. ("That's a lot.. i know.")

Much like other civilizations of the ancient world, the Mayans depended on their social classes to keep order and structure within their society.

Maya Social Structure. Maya society was rigidly divided between nobles, commoners, serfs, and slaves. The noble class was complex and specialized. Noble status and the occupation in which a noble served were passed on through elite family lineages.

The Mayan game Pok-a-Tok is thought to be invented around the time 2000 BCE.

Pok-a-Tok was a ball game played by the ancient Mayans over 1000 years ago. There’s evidence that the Toltecs and Aztecs played variations of the game, as there are stadiums (for lack of a better term) dotted throughout Mexico.

You play by hitting a five pound rubber ball with any part of your body, excluding your hands and feet. You pass the ball between the teams and you try to shoot into the hoop, which is about 3cm all round bigger than the ball. Therefore it is very difficult to get the ball into the hoop.

As you watch the video above... You will notice that the game Pok-a-Tok is extremely difficult. Most times, the game would go on for days awaiting for someone to score.

In addition to the difficulty level, you may have also noticed the uniforms that were worn in the video.

The Mayan Ball Game was a solemn experience, filled with ritual importance. Religious leaders attended, as did most chieftains and other government leaders. Sacred songs were sung and played. Other religious activities took place as well.

The game was like games and sports that people play today in a few ways:

The players were working as a team to beat another team of players

The goal was to get the ball through a hoop

The goal was also NOT to touch the ball with one's hands, like soccer is today.

Huge structures were built just for playing

The games attracted very large numbers of people to watch

Gambling on who would win was common

The winners of the game were treated as heroes and given a great feast. The penalty for losing a game was sometimes unusually harsh: death. The leader of the team who lost the game was sometimes killed. This fit in with the Mayan belief that human sacrifice was necessary for the continued success of the peoples' agriculture, trade, and overall health.

Thank YOU!! now HERE are THE Websites THAT WERE Used In the making...

  • http://www.history.com/topics/maya
  • https://www.google.com/search?q=maya+civilization+social+class&espv=2&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjPrKPuionTAhVFRSYKHRwHBIIQ_AUIBigB&biw=1366&bih=613
  • https://www.amatravel.ca/articles/pok-a-tok-ancient-mayan-sport
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoamerican_ballgame
Created By
Ericka Spence
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