Unit Five: The American Civil War and Reconstruction Daijha jenkins 807

sectionalism

Historical Context : Sectionalism started around 1850's . It was a big lead to the Civil War.

excessive devotion to the interests of a particular region

Republican Party

Historical Context : March 20, 1854, is generally remembered as the founding meeting of the Republican Party.

the younger of two major political parties in the United States; GOP is an acronym for grand old party

secession

Historical context : This precipitated the American Civil War. It's the withdrawal of 11 slave states.

formal separation from an alliance or federation

Confederate States of America

Historical Context : February of 1861 representatives established this unified government.

the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861

emancipation

freeing someone from the control of another

Historical Context: This was made by Abe Lincoln letting slaves know they were free.

habeas corpus

Historical Context :The Habeas Corpus Act 1679 is an Act of the Parliament of England (31 Cha. 2 c. 2) passed during the reign of King Charles II by what became known as the Habeas Corpus Parliament to define and strengthen the ancient prerogative writ of habeas corpus.

a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge

reconstruction

Historical context: refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. It was a time of great pain and endless questions. O

the activity of building something again

impeachment

Historical Context:Presidents Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton were impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives, but acquitted by the Senate.

a formal document charging a public official with misconduct

Ku Klux Klan

Historical Context:Six Confederate veterans from Pulaski, Tennessee created the original Ku Klux Klan on December 24, 1865, during the Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War.

a secret society of white Southerners in the United States

poll tax

Historical Context:the twelve-year period of rebuilding that followed the American Civil War (1861–1865), many southern states passed poll taxes in an effort to keep African Americans from voting.

a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote

segregation

Historical Context:Legal segregation began in 1896 when the Supreme Court sanctioned legal separation of the black and white races in the ruling H.A. Plessy v. J.H. Ferguson, but the decision was overruled in 1954

the act of keeping apart

capitalist

Historical Context:The history of capitalism can be traced back to early forms of merchant capitalism practiced in Western Europe during the Middle Ages.

of an economic system based on private ownership

siege

an action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place

emancipate

Historical Context:Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation warning that in all states still in rebellion on January 1, 1863, he would declare their slaves “then, thenceforward, and forever free.

free from slavery or servitude

inflation

Historical Context:The table of historical inflation rates displays annual rates from 1914 to 2017

a general and progressive increase in prices

draft

Historical Context: The nation's first military draft began in 1940, when President Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act.

compulsory military service

martial law

Historical Context:outset of the Civil War, in July 1861, Congress ratified most of the martial law measures declared by President Abraham Lincoln. Its martial law declaration gave the Union military forces the authority to arrest persons and conduct trials.

the body of law imposed by the military over civilian affairs (usually in time of war or civil crisis); overrides civil law

famine

Historical Context : famine killed as many as 100,000 in Moscow and up to one-third of Tsar Godunov's subjects;

a severe shortage of food resulting in starvation and death

urbanization

Historical Context: 5 percent of the population lived in the countryside. The 5 percent of Americans living in urban areas (places with more than 2,500 persons) lived mostly in small villages.

the social process whereby cities grow

telegraph

Historical Context: Developed in the 1830s and 1840s by Samuel Morse .

apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire

ironclad

Historical Context: During the American Civil War, the CSS Virginia, a captured and rebuilt Union steam frigate formerly known as the Merrimac .

a wooden warship of the 19th century plated with armor

discrimination

Historical Context: 1999 a proposition was passed.

unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice

casualty

Historical Context: A person usually is killed in the war from a casualty

someone injured or killed in an accident

Credits:

Created with images by ErikaWittlieb - "union army continental army soldiers" • DonkeyHotey - "The Koch Brothers walking their dog, Scotty."

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