Despite the title, this page is about Sikhism. Sikhism is the 5th largest religion in the world, the most recent religion, and its mostly not talked about because of its origin and lack of learning about it in school. Sikhism is a very vibrant and peaceful religion that doesn't get enough recognition in media about it's culture or people. And that's why I am here to talk about it.
Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikhism. His teachings reached far and wide in India, even when he was born in Pakistan, and taught people how to live a practical life and learn to love God without rituals or priests. Humility, peace, and community for others is the main goal of Sikhism. Guru's birth is celebrate as a holiday in the East, but it's called Guru Nanak Gurpurab. He had a great impact on the Middle Eastern and the South West of Asia.
But Guru Nanak wasn't the only one that developed what Sikhism is today. He had Nine other gurus with him tat helped the process. They developed the foundation Sikhism through the era of (1469-1708).
- Guru Nanak (up above)
- Guru Angad (1504-15552): Composed 62 hymns that was later in the Guru Granth Sahib
- Guru Amar Das (1479-1574): His famous Hymn, Anand Sahib, is part of the Sikh daily tasks. Introduced the Sikh rituals for birth and death and set up the 1st pilgrimage site at the Goindral Sahib.
- Guru Ram Das (1534-1581): Composed the Lavan hymn, still used in Sikh marriages. Also founded Amritsar, the holy city of Sikhism.
- Guru Arjon Dev (1563-1606): Built the Golden temple and formed the Guru Granth Sahib
- Guru Hargobind (1595-1644): Son of Guru Arjon
- Guru Har Rai (1630-1661): Grandosn of Guru Hargobind
- Guru Har Krisha (1656-1661): Youngest son of Guru Har Rai, was a guru at 5 but died at 8, because of small pox. Only Guru without a beard.
- Guru Tegh Bahadar (1621-1675): Founded the Sikh center of Ananapun. Beheaded by muslims for helping Brahmins from forcible conversion to Islam.
- Guru Gobind (1666-1708): Second most popular to Guru Nank. Found the khalsa and Sikh baptism, made many poems, and resisted oppression by Muhgal and Hindu authorities
Nanak's teachings can be used in three ways:
- Naam Japha: Meditating on God's name to control the five weaknesses (lust, pride,anger,attachment to material things,greed) of the human person
- Kirat Kuro: Making and honest living
- Vand Chakko: Sharing and heling the needy
Birth, life, and rebirth is how Sikhs believe we spend time in our cycles. Each life is valued by their Karma and how they acted in a previous life. Sikhs also believe that there is only one God and that God is inside us all, no matter the Karma or person.
Some other beliefs of Sikhs are:
- everyone has an equal status under God
- Clothing Practices: 1.) Kesa (hair never cut) term used to describe the turban that is used to cover their hair 2.) Kangah (comb) 3.) Kacha (short pants) 4.) Kara (metal bracelet) 5.) Kirpa (ceremonial dagger)
- Must not drink ot smoke
- Also can't worship idols, images, or icons