Down Syndrome have many different forms but the most common form is called trisomy 21. People with down syndrome have 47 chromosomes in each cell instead of 46. It occurs cause they inherit an unbalanced translocation that have chromosome 21 that ay have extra genetic material from chromosome 21. Down syndrome is most likely caused by a error in cell division called "nondisjunction." This usually occurs to people who inherit chromosome 21.
Klinefelter Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects males. Its occurs when a male is born with one or more extra X chromosomes. How it occurs is when the egg is split unevenly. Klinefelter Syndrome occurs to males.
Turner Syndrome is a diseases that causes you to have extra skin on the neck webbed neck, puffiness or swelling of the hands and feet, skeletal abnormalities, heart defects and kidney problems. Turner Syndrome is not inherited it forms in a random event during cell division in early fetal development. So therefor this can happen to either male or female.
Color Blindness is an abnormal condition characterized by the inability to clearly distinguish different colors of the spectrum. Color blindness can be inherited. If you inherit color blindness it will not get better or worse it will stay the same though out your life. Color blindness can effect male or female.