The Dust Bowl
Out of the many contributions to the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl was one of them. The Dust Bowl had impacted the American economy by negatively effecting agriculture. The Dust Bowl started when farmers would cut down trees and other plant life for space for their crops. However, their crops did not hold the soil as well as the trees did. With nothing to firmly hold the soil in place, the soil became loose and eroded; the soil could easily be picked up by the slightest gust of wind. These winds, carrying soil, destroyed what was left of the crops and hurt people, as the soil can easily damage the lungs.
- MLA Citation: The Dust Bowl. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2017. <http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/depression/dbimages/dust2.gif>.
The Main course
Poverty and Unemployment
In this picture, you can see a very long line of people waiting to get their share of free soup. Because so many were unemployed- if not also homeless- they had to rely on charitable people and charities for food; these people couldn't support themselves. In this case, the charity these people were relying on was the rich. With the Great Depression, the gap between rich and poor widened extremely. This was so wide that 1% of the [American] population had 59% of the [American] population's wealth. Not many of the rich would donate like this, though. This rich man was Al Capone. He was a gangster, and decided to clear his name by feeding the poor.
- MLA citation: In an attempt to clean up his public image, gangster Al Capone opened a soup kitchen to feed Chicago's needy. Digital image. History. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. <http://www.history.com/topics/great-depression/pictures/soup-kitchens-and-breadlines/unemployed-men-outside-a-depression-soup-kitchen-in-chicago-february-1931>.
From the Point of View of the helpers
In the letter "Knights of the Road" (link to letter below) Roger La Charite recalls his youth during the great depression. However, this anecdote is not told from the side of the poor, but it is told from the side of the charity. In his youth, La Charite's mother would always help the poor who knocked on their door. La Charite and his mother knew these men had to beg to survive, so they always gave to them. They would give whatever they could; they gave smalls things like a small amount of bread and water to a bunch of sandwiches.
- MLA citation: La Charite, Roger. "Knigts of the Road." Letter. N.d. Erroluys. Errol Lincoln, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. <http://erroluys.com/greatdepressionarchive.html>.
In this article (link and citation below) the author informs you on the Great Depression. In short, the article explains the causes of the Great Depression. For example, the Dust Bowl stuttered agriculture, people destroyed banks by withdrawing all their money, and mainly overproduction. The article then describes the effects of the Great Depression. For an example, please look above. Lastly, the article explains that the New Deal, with the help of World War 2, helped stop the Great Depression.
- MLA citation: Szostak, Rick. "Great Depression." Dictionary of American History, edited by Stanley I. Kutler, 3rd ed., vol. 4, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003, pp. 44-49. U.S. History in Context, libraries.state.ma.us/login?gwurl=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3401801776/UHIC?u=mlin_b_massblc&xid=1ccde6d8. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
The "Theme Song" of the Great Depression
Above is a song from the Great Depression. This song, "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" is about poverty during the depression, and how many people begged for money. Also, the song reflects on how many were attracted to America because of the wealth, freedom, and jobs they were promised; the Great Depression had taken all of that away.
- MLA citation: Dir. Bing Cosby. By Yip Harburg. Prod. Jay Gorney. Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?Youtube, 1 Nov. 2007. Web. 12 Apr. 2017. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eih67rlGNhU>.
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