CATS!! BY: brandon taylor

WHAT IS A CAT?

The domestic cat is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines.

HOW MANY DIFFERENT BREEDS?

International Progressive Cat Breeders Alliance (IPCBA) recognizes 73 cat breeds ,they spread to about ever country and are in the top three main house pet world wide.

NUTRITION!

Breed specific nutrition takes into account the physical characteristics of cat breeds such as the shape of their jaw and biting habits, their body size and structure, the length and thickness of their coat, and uses this information to tailor a food that provides the best possible nutrition. Cats tend to eat dry food in a few different ways. Most cats grab a piece of kibble between their incisors without using their tongue; others use the upper side of their tongue to lap up the kibble. Brachycephalic cat breeds such as the flat-faced Persian tend to find it more difficult to grasp kibble so they use the underside of their tongue, turning the kibble backwards into their mouth.

Unlike the Persian, the active Siamese cat breed tends to pick up kibble with their canines and their eating habits are ‘fast and furious’, just like their approach to life. The speed at which Siamese cats typically eat, means they are more likely to vomit after eating and may develop other gastrointestinal problems. Tailoring the shape of kibble for specific cat breeds based on the shape of their jaw and way that they eat helps the cat to grasp and chew the kibble, it also promotes improved digestion and better dental health.A longhaired, luxurious coat is a hallmark feature of many pure breed cat breeds including the Persian and Ragdoll, and the right nutrition as well as regular grooming is key to keeping their coats looking great. Tailored nutrition for longhaired cats typically includes the antioxidants, vitamins, omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids required to help maintain healthy skin and a shiny coat.

Due to the length and thickness of their coats, Persian and Ragdoll cat breeds are also more likely to experience hairballs as a result of ingesting their own fur during grooming. Even if you brush your cat daily, longhaired breeds are still likely to develop hairballs. Breed specific nutrition can naturally reduce hairballs and limit their formation by introducing fibre such as psyllium husks and seeds that encourage the transit and elimination of any swallowed fur through the intestines.

Good feline food. i use this on my cats, one is a tabby and one is a persian and it does not effect them.

GROOMING

BRUSHING BASICS

Regular brushing offers benefits such as dead hair and dirt, and removing or preventing mats and tangles. But do it right, or you’ll end up with a cantankerous kitty on your hands!

Always brush in the direction that the hair naturally lays, never against the ‘grain.’ And be extra gentle around the belly and chest.

For shorthaired cats:

Start with a fine-toothed metal comb. Run it through the cat’s fur from head to tail tip. Watch for small pepper-like specks that could indicate the presence of cat fleas.

Use a bristle or soft rubber brush next to remove loose hair.

For longhaired cats:

Start with a wide-toothed comb to remove debris that may be caught in the cat’s coat. Carefully untangle any knots.

Next use a wire brush or a bristle brush to remove loose hair.

Consider using a toothbrush to brush around the cat’s face.

And if you encounter matting in the cat’s fur, don’t try to cut it out; one or both of you may end up getting hurt.

Brushing twice a week should be plenty for most shorthaired cats, while a longhaired cat may need brushing every day.

PEDICURE

Getting your cat to accept having it’s claws trimmed by you really shouldn’t be too difficult, IF you approach it properly.

Start out by spending some time just training your cat to be comfortable and accepting of having her feet handled. Begin to massage its feet on a daily basis. Do that by running your hand along its leg, and then very gently pressing with your thumb on the pad of each toe, causing the claw to extend. After a week or two the cat will likely become comfortable with its daily foot massage.

Once the cat is comfortable with the massaging, it’s OK to clip. Use a quality, sharp clipper or nail scissors specifically designed for use on cats. Cut parallel to the flat of the claw, and clip off only the white tip. Be VERY careful to avoid the quick, which usually appears as a pinkish area that you can see through the translucent claw.

BATH TIME

Does the idea of giving your cat a bath send shivers of fear down your spine? Understandable! It’s well known that most cats aren’t particularly fond of water. You may even have been witness to a vivid demonstration of this fact in times past.

Luckily, cats don’t often need the help of a full-blown bath.

But on occasion, your cat’s coat might become sticky or dirty to a degree that the old tongue-bath just isn’t going to cut it. So you’ll have to get involved. Fortunately, though, bath time doesn’t have to be a time of terror for the both of you – if you do it right:

Start by making the water temperature pleasant. It should be warm – not hot, and not cold.

Use a shampoo that’s made specifically for use with cats, and labeled accordingly.

Use a sink or tub in which you’ve placed a rubber bath mat, filled to a depth of just 3 or 4 inches.

Gently wet the cat down using a spray hose, but DO NOT spray or pour water directly on the cat’s head – you don’t want to spray or pour into the cat’s eyes, ears or nose. If you don’t have a spray hose, use an unbreakable pitcher.

Start at the cat’s head, and gently work in the shampoo from head to tail.

Rinse gently but thoroughly, making sure that all the shampoo is rinsed out. Again, be sure to avoid spraying or pouring water directly on the cat’s head.

Gently pat dry with a large towel.

REPRODUCTION

Feline reproduction

Cats are prolific breeders. Females take just 6 to 9 months to reach sexual maturity; but it is not unheard of for female kittens as young as 4 months to become pregnant. Males mature a bit later but both sexes can breed before they are a year old. Although female can become pregnant at any time of the year, there are specific mating seasons when cats become sexually active. In northern Europe it is usual for domestic female cats to come into heat (oestrus cycle) in January and then again in June.The oestrus cycle is the period in the female reproduction cycle when mating is most likely to occur. A heat period lasts about 4 to 7 days if the cat is mated, and longer otherwise. Female cats indicate their readiness to mate by calling for male company with a special type of yowl, which like the (highly vocal) mating itself has often disturbed the sleep of humans who live in the vicinity.

One of the most interesting features of the reproductive process of cats is a phenomenon known as induced ovulation. The male cat's penis has backward pointing spines which scratch the interior of its partner, and cause ovulation to occur. Because pregnancy will not take place without this stimulus, quite often the first cat to mate with a queen with not father any kittens. However, the super-fertility of cats means that once she gets started, the female is capable of having a number of partners, and bearing kittens from several fathers in the same litter. The mother's eggs are fertilised in the oviduct and arrive in the uterus 4-5 days after mating. Cats do not go about the process quietly, and to the unpractised ear the process sounds remarkably like a prolonged and very vocal cat-fight.

Pregnancy lasts between 56 and 71 days, with the average pregnancy taking 68 days. Litters are most commonly of 3-6 kittens, but a single litter may have as many as nine. The record was a litter 19 kittens; the mother being a Burmese/Siamese cross from Oxfordshire in England. The kittens were born on the 7th of August. Unfortunately four of the kittens were stillborn.

A few days before she is due to give birth the pregnant female will become restless and will look for the best nest. This will normally be quiet, warm and in one of the darker parts of the house. This is where she will give birth. It is a good idea not to disturb her in her nesting place.

Kittens are both blind and deaf when born but otherwise well developed. They are, for example, more responsive than newborn puppies. A newborn kitten has a very good sense of smell and she will soon select a teat to feed from and will suck at no other. A kitten will be ready to play at three weeks old and will be fully weaned by 8 weeks. The mother can come into heat as soon as four weeks after giving birth. If the kittens are pedigreed, the father is referred to as the 'sire' and the technical term for the mother is the 'dam'.

Credits:

Created with images by Alexas_Fotos - "cat face close" • donjd2 - "Colorful Cat Food Cans" • Trish Hamme - "Ahhhhhhhh , more , MORE" • Jan-Mallander - "kittens cat cat puppy"

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