WWI THe War of all wars

World war 1 treaty of varsailles

the treaty of varsailles was the peace settlement signed after WW1 had ended in 1918 and in the shadow of the Russian Revolution and other events in Russia

The treaty was signed in a palace

signed on June 28, 1919 in Paris

When the treaty of varsailles was signed Germany agreed to pay for any damage under the Dawes plan and the young plan but those plans were canceled 1932

The treaty included fifteen parts and 440 articles

For 5 years the French and Belgians tried to enforce the treaty quite carefully

The German government signed the treaty under protest

Right wing German parties attacked it as a betrayal

Terrorists assassinated several politicians who the considered were responsible

Was written by the allies with almost no participation by the Germans

The treaty demanded demilitarization and occupation of the Rhineland

The palace was stage the most appropriate because of its size

The most humiliating portion of the treaty for the defeated Germany was Article 231 commonly known as the War Guilt Clause which forced Germany to accept complete responsibility for initiating World War I

-Why the Russian left the war

Russia had extreme difficulties supplying the Russian Army and severe deficits in leadership. Troops were poorly led and supplied, great tensions arrose between the officers and the troops. France suffered a simliar experience during the munities of 1917.

But the Russian situation was far worst for the Russian Czar was far to inept. These led to his removal as Chief of the Army and the End of the reign of the Czar. Without the Army the Czar was defenseless. In 1917 the Czar was removed from power, and Lennin emerged with a suitcase of 5 million marks and a promise to end the conflict with Germany.

- Swa

Dec.10 1917

Battle of Cambrai marked the first large-scale use of tanks for a military offensive. Led by General Julian Byng, a British force of nine infantry divisions, five cavalry divisions and three tanks brigades sprung a surprise attack near Cambrai, France, on November 20, 1917. Although the British tanks and infantry overwhelmed German defenses on the first day, the cavalry exploitation was slow to develop. On Nov. 30, the Germans counterattacked and regained most of the ground lost. Officially finished by Dec. 7 The key to the success of the Cambrai attack of November 20, 1917, was threefold. First, some 376 Mark IV fighting tanks were committed to the assault, to crush lanes through the wire and to protect the infantry as they advanced. Second, the artillery was able to do counterbattery and suppression work, and fire a barrage, without previous registration. This worked because the guns’ targets had been plotted on maps beforehand, while each gun had previously been fired behind the lines to establish its accuracy. Third, because of the first two factors, the Cambrai offensive would be a complete surprise. At 6:20 a.m. on November 20, tanks and infantry advanced with great success against an German defense. By nightfall, gains of two to three miles had been achieved. However, cavalry exploitation was slow to develop, and although more gains were made in the next nine days, German reserves halted the attack. Then, on November 30, a German blitzkrieg counterattack recaptured much of the ground lost. The surprise storm troop tactics used here anticipated the methods of the German 1918 spring offensives - Cesar

The cause of WWI was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. - Devon

Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo. - Devon

The Battle of Marne - This was the first battle after the battle of Mons. This battle was really the downfall of the german troops. Although they did push forward throughout the whole battle, they became weaker and weaker. Germany also had difficulty reaching their fellow troops. The lack of communication might just have been the downfall of their winning streak. As Germany pushed through, they kept getting further and further from their home base, supplies of food and ammunition. This meant they were poorly fed, lacking orders, and just not in the right state of mind for a battle. The French came in, and kicked them while they were down. On the other hand, the French had easy access to supplies of food and reinforcements. Just as well, their leader had 100%confidence that the French could handle the German onslaught and win! With the French well fed and well supplied, they, along with the British army started pushing more and more, and the entire tide of the war shifted. The French and British attacked the disorganized Germans, and pushed them back to the River Ourcq. The French defeated the Germans once and for all, in the Battle of the Marne. - Allison

Allied Powers - Great Britain, France, Italy and Russia make up the Allied Powers. This alliance fought against the central powers, arguing that Germany aggressively started World War One. The Austrians attacked Serbia, and since Serbia was also an allied power, it brought all of those Nations together to start the War of all Wars. Eventually Liberia, Siam and Greece also joined the allied powers, mainly against Germany. Eventually, the United States of America joined the Allied powers. Technically they preferred to stay neutral throughout the war, but eventually fought with the Allied powers, but called itself an “Associated Power”. - Allison

The Obituary - Dearest Herbert “Daddy” Plumer (1857-1932). The name was well earned. As an Army officer, he served and protected much as a father. He was a daddy in the eyes of many. He fought for the British Allies, and died an honorable death. He will forever be in our hearts. Rest In Peace daddy Herbs. He planned the Messines attack, and surprisingly succeeded. - Allison

Credits:

Created with images by Moyan_Brenn - "War" • bmewett - "ww1 trench warfare"

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