The epic works of the author, Homer, have been archetypal roadmaps for modern, and world mythology. His most famous tales,"Odyssey," and "Iliad," provide the incredible insight on the first look into early human society, as well as in some aspects show how little has changed. Homer was a mystery, but credited with being the first to write down the epic stories. Watch video from 1:08-2:55.
But What Exactly Has Changed Within Modern Society?
I believe the theme for Homer's works applying it to modern society, is the idea of how human NATURE has not changed, not necessarily the other aspects. Let's be frank, this 10 year raging war began just because of a female, just like in modern society where humans make such a big deal over lovers lost.
"You can't change human nature." The old cliché draws support from the persistence of human behavior in new circumstances. Shakespeare's plays reveal that no matter how much language, technology and morals have changed in the past 400 years, human nature is largely undisturbed. Macbeth's ambition, Hamlet's indecision, Iago's jealousy, Kate's feistiness and Juliet's love are all instantly understandable. We can relate and feel emotions towards these amazing works BECAUSE human nature has been virtually untouched.
In retrospect, the Trojan War was the basis for the mysterious authors works. I believe that the Trojan War has necessarily nothing of importance, besides a way for Homer to express his ideas. The people involved in the war, don't hold significance besides projecting how how human nature has not changed.