Settlement houses were closely linked with the progressive era because it was about social activism and political reform. Some other ideas that came out of the progressive era was the struggle for woman suffrage as well as the development of professional social work. Settlement houses were the introduction or doorway into being an American and living an American life. These were houses where immigrants could stay while they made money, learn to be an American, and thrive in American culture. Inside these houses national divisions and racial rivalries didn’t exist. Their sentiment inside is that “Here, we are all only Americans.” They helped immigrants by encouraging everyone to become a part of their community and to be a contributing member of society. Another way they helped was by teaching people the English language. Most settlement houses offered a class called “Americanization” These classes helped them learn customs and habits The most know houses was the Hull house and Dr Graham Taylor’s Chicago Commons. These houses also has game rooms, boxing rooms, libraries, showers, nurseries and more.
Women’s clubs targeted intellectual development and social and political reform. As settlement houses started popping up it gave women the opportunity to participate in more jobs
-For example the Hull House:
The Hull house was created by Jane Adams. It Offered classes, had a gymnasium, playground, theater, and boarding house.
These workers moved more political fighting for an end to child labor/improving working conditions/supporting immigrants etc
For women who didn’t have jobs, these women’s groups gave them a sense of purpose. The movement that was actually supported by the most women was the movement to ban alcohol.
McDonough, Judith. “Women Reformers in the Progressive Er.” Women Reformers in the
Progressive Era, 1999, www.socialstudies.org/sites/default/files/publications/se/ 6305/630507.html.