Before the USCIS, the INS, Immigration and Naturalization Service, oversaw the immigration process since the 1930s, when the Bureau of Immigration and Bureau of Nutralization combined.
Homeland Security Act of 2002 created the USCIS to "enhance the security and efficiency of national immigration services."
In 2003, the USCIS assumed responsibility for the US federal government immigration services.
James McCament, Acting Director
Tracy Renaud, Acting Deputy Director
Strengthening the security and integrity of the immigration system.
Providing effective customer-oriented immigration benefit and information services.
Supporting immigrants’ integration and participation in American civic culture.
Promoting flexible and sound immigration policies and programs.
Strengthening the infrastructure supporting the USCIS mission.
Operating as a high-performance organization that promotes a highly talented workforce and a dynamic work culture.
Citizenship (including Related Naturalization Process)
Immigration of Family Members
Working in US
Verifying an Individual’s Legal Right to Work in the United States
AGENCIES AND BUREAUS
Department of Homeland Security
Over these US Directorates and Program Offices
Administrative Appeals Office (AAO)
Customer Service and Public Engagement Directorate
Field Operations Directorate
Fraud Detection and National Security
Office of Citizenship
Office of Communications
Office of Legislative Affairs
Office of Privacy
Refugee, Asylum, and International Operations Directorate
Service Center Operations Directorate
MAJOR CHALLENGES FACED
In 2005, the USCIS faced the challenge of modernizing information technology. The paper-based processes where becoming a waste of time, expense, and effort. It became harder to ship, track, and report files. These inefficiencies led the USCIS to begin the challenge of modernizing their information technology, with the Department of Homeland Security proposing a ten year plan.
In 2013, they had a hiccup in the process of transitioning to the electronic filing system. It cost them over 3 billion dollars, and caused them to expand from a single contractor to multiple contractors.
Under Trump's Prsidency, Jeb Sessions has worked to give tasks that what used to be under the Department of Homeland Security to the Justice Department.
The recent attempt of the passsage of the travel ban has posed a challenge for the USCIS.
Official website of the Department of Homeland Security. Department of Homeland Security, 2017, https://www.uscis.gov. Accessed 19 April 2017.
Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General "USCIS Faces Challenges in Modernizing Information Technology," 2005. PDF.
"USCIS Challeges with Transformation." Murphy Law Firm, https://www.murthy.com/2013/01/08/uscis-challenges-with-transformation/ 8 Jan 2013. Accessed 19 April 2017.
"Session's Immigration Policies Mark Big Change from Obama Policies." Fox News, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/04/17/sessions-immigration-policies-mark-big-change-from-obama-policies.html Accessed 8 April 2017.