Canada In 2050 By: Shaharyar Choudhry

Have you ever thought what life will look like in 2050 on a demographic, immigration, and Aboriginal basis. Many things will change by 2050 such as the birth rate and death rate might change. Canada might not remain the second most immigrant excepting country in the world. How much will the population increase by? What will Aboriginal communities look like? I am going to give a brief understanding on what Canada will look like in the year 2050

Demography

Population of Canada: 36,42,462
Rate of natural increase: 3.64 per 1000 population
Birth rate: 1.61 per woman
Death rate: 8.5 deaths/1000 population
Demographics

Current Demographic Trends

Birth rate has decreased through out the past years. During the Baby Boom period (1946 to 1965) the average number of children per woman was 3.7, compared to 1.61 in recent years.
Since 1951, the natural increase had decreased as the Canadian population has aged and the fertility rate has declined

Canadian Demographics In 2050

In 2050, I predict that the birth rate will decrease to 1.2. The Birth rate will drop because women are starting to spend more time on their education for more advanced jobs. Therefore, they have later marriages and wont have time to have many kids. Where as women before would become housewives and have up to 4 kids. It is most likely that this trend will continue through out the future. I predict that the death rate will slightly increase because most of the people that were part of the baby boom will likely die near 2050. Also, I predict Canada's life expectancy will increase because we will come up with better technology and medicine that can cure peoples lives, securing our death rate form increasing. The natural increase has been decreasing due to the low birth rate and even death rate. Natural increase is less than 50% of Canada's over all total population growth. Based on this I think the natural increase will definitely decrease by 2050. So I predict by 2050, the population of Canada will be 40 million

Immigration
Immigration rate: 250,000 immigrants per year

Immigration

Canada is one of the most welcoming countries for immigrants in the world. More than 20% of Canadians were foreign-born as of 2011. Recently migratory increase has overtaken natural increase. Ever since 1961 the migratory increase has been growing and now counts for more than 50% of Canada's population growth. Canada is one of the most ideal country to go to for immigrants because there are many reasons to live in Canada such as , good education, peace, freedom, job availability, safety, and free health care. Since 1981 Asia has been Canada's largest source of immigrants. Every year over 50% of the immigrants that come to Canada are from Asia. Most immigrants settle in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver because they are very popular cities

Immigration Trends

The migratory increase has been growing and has taken over natural increase. Now migratory increase counts for over 50% of Canada's population growth
Every year more and more immigrants are coming from Asia. From 2006 to 2011, 57% immigrants that came to Canada were from Asia.
Migratory increase overtakes natural increase

Canadian Immigration In 2050

In 2050, I predict Canada will allow up to 350,000 immigrants per year because by 2050 our death rate will have increased. So our main population growth will be solely dependent on immigration due to the decline of natural increase. By 2050 our main source of immigrants will be from Africa because there has been a recent increase of immigrants coming from there. Also Africa has the largest birth rates, and most polluted air conditions. Therefor many people will want to move to Canada for better living conditions. In 2050 immigrants will likely move to Vancouver, Winnipeg, and Calgary.

Aboriginal Trends

Aboriginal population is increasing because they have a high fertility rate and there is also an increasing tendency for people to identify themselves as Aboriginal in recent years which also adds to this faster growth.
Higher death rate mainly coming from children and youth. Aboriginal children are three to four times more likely to die from unintentional injury than non-Aboriginal children of the same age.
Aboriginal peoples

Aboriginals Prediction

The total amount of Aboriginals living in Canada is 1,400,685. The average birth rate for aboriginal people is 2.7 compared to the non-Aboriginal population at 1.6 per woman. Aboriginal children aged 14 and under make up 28% of the total Aboriginal population. By 2050 the birth rate will increase to 3.1 This proves that in 2050 the Aboriginal population will be roughly 3,000,000. The province with the highest aboriginal population is Ontario with 301,425 aboriginal people and by 2050 I still think Ontario will still have the most amount of Aboriginals. There will also be an increase of Aboriginals from Alberta and British Columbia because there has been an increase coming from those provinces in present years.

Conclusion

In 2050 Canada will have a huge change. The population will increase to 40 million, there will smaller families, and there will be a lot of aged people. Canada will be the most diverse country in the world. Aboriginal people will start moving to different provinces. There will be greater medicines and cures to illnesses, leading to a higher life expectancy. It will be easier to find jobs because there will be new technology and more businesses which have a high need in workers. Overall there will be a huge difference when these 34 years pass by.

Bibliography.

Projections of the Aboriginal populations, Canada, provinces and territories: Highlights. (n.d.). Retrieved January 06, 2017, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/91-547-x/2005001/4072106-eng.htm

150 years of immigration in Canada. (2016, July 14). Retrieved January 06, 2017, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-630-x/11-630-x2016006-eng.htm

Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada. (2016, September 15). Retrieved January 06, 2017, from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-010-x/99-010-x2011001-eng.cfm

(n.d.). Retrieved January 06, 2017, from http://www.usnews.com/news/slideshows/5-countries-that-take-the-most-immigrants

Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit. (2016, September 15). Retrieved January 06, 2017, from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-011-x/99-011-x2011001-eng.cfm

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