The End of World War I: The Treaty of Versailles
Growing Tension in Germany
Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany in 1933. In 1934 he began to increase the military of Germany. This broke the Treaty of Versailles and in 1935 he officially denounced it. He made key alliances with Mussolini in Italy and the leader of Japan.
The Axis and the Allies
The State of the Allies
Though the Allies were threatened by Germany when Hitler invaded Rhineland at the time they were not strong enough to start another war.
The First Invasions
In 1936 Hitler invaded Austria, territory that had been taken away during WWI, and forced the citizens to vote to once again become part of Germany. Six months later he took over Czechoslovakia. When Hitler took over Poland and France in 1939, it was clearly time for the Allies to take action.
An extreme form of patriotism that grew in Europe became even stronger after World War I, especially for countries that were defeated in the first war.
Attempts of Appeasement
Politicians in Britain and France thought the Treaty of Versailles might have been extreme, so they thought Hitler's actions were understandable at the time. They attempted to appease Hitler and the Axis Powers by returning some of the land to them. This did not work and Germany continued to take land and harm millions of people under the rein of Hitler.
During the War
6 million Jews were killed in Nazi Concentration Camps during World War II. Hundred of thousands of people with mental and physical abilities were also killed.
Outcomes of the War
Japan surrendered to the United States after they dropped two atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in response to the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
Hitler committed suicide April 30, 1945 shortly before Germany surrendered to the Allies on May 8th.
Italy surrendered after the Allies gained Rome in 1943. Mussolini escaped, but was captured and executed in April of 1945.
The Marshall Plan routed over 13 billion dollars to finance an economic recovery in Europe. The Soviets did not like the Marshall Plan. They thought the US wanted to interfere with European internal a
Europe was know divided by the Iron Curtain with communism in the east and democracy in the west.