Life for Migrant in the city: At the end of 1919 about 1 millions blacks had left the South, traveling by boats, trains or bus. The major cities in the North grew by large percentage. New York grew 66%. Chicago by 148%. Philadelphia grew 500%. Detroit grew 611%.
Impact of the Great Migration: Around the summer of 1919 began the greatest period of interracial strife in the U.S. history. The most serious took place in Chicago in July 1919. It lasted 13 days. 38 people dead. 537 injured. 1,000 black families without homes. Many blacks end up creating their own cities within big cities.
First Large Movement: Occurred during World War 1, when 454,000 black Southern moved to North. 800,000 moved from the South in 1920s. Followed by 380,000 in the 1930s.
Cause of the Great Migration: When the Emancipation Proclamation was signed in 1863, less than 8% of the African American population lived in the Northeastern or Midwestern United States.
What was the connection between the Great Migration and Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance may of contributed to the relaxation of racial attitudes among young whites, but perhaps its greatest impact was to reinforce racial pride among blacks.
What impact did the Great Migration have on American racial relations? The Great Migration transformed the black population in America from a southern rural people to a northern urban population. It also brought poltical power to black Americans. Black urban voters often swing state elections