china's most lasting contributions are clearly in the intellectual achievements realm

The Qin Dynasty's intellectual achievements had the largest and most powerful lasting contributions which even last today in the modern world.

The Qin Dynasty's most remarkable achievement is, "The Great Wall of China." According to, "," it states, "Shi HuangDi ordered construction of the Great Wall to consolidate his empire." Based on this quote, it shows by enhancing and commissioning the construction of the Great Wall, Qin ShiHuangDi was able to express the unification of China for the first time in history. It was to be seen as a cultural marker and one of China’s significant military fortification but also promoting easier trade and travel throughout the empire. In addition, the wall restricted barbarians outside of China and protect Chinese Frontiers in order to achieve future prosperity and stabilization.

Another astounding intellectual achievement of the Qin Dynasty is the order of the irrigation system. According to, "," it states, "Qin led China in developing an extensive irrigation system that made its rich soil productive." This quote illustrates not only how a surplus of food allowed it to divert manpower to the army when Qin embarked on campaigns to conquer its rivals, but also a channel to control flooding while providing water supply for desperately needed food production. In addition, a levee was designed to regulate the water according to the season. In the summer, more water was driven to the channel to prevent flooding along the river while in the winter, the proportions were revered where more water was directed into the river to avoid drought. By irrigating a vast stretch of Qin territiory, Li Bing's levee triggered a massive population boom and the military had a new base to launch attack into enemy territory.


Another one of the Qin Dynasty's lasting contributions and potential area of excel is in the politics section regarding the Legalism Policy. For instance, according to, "," it states, "Early in the Qin Empire, the practice of Legalism reached its peak in Chinese history." The portion of this quote stating, 'The Peak," demonstrates Legalism's effectiveness and strength. This form of government consisted of a collectivization program and the decimation of aristocratic power. Also, farmers were freed from serfdom and Shi HuangDi reduced the power of the aristocracy. Legalists and legalism itself emphasized law to uphold the state’s power, create a superior army, a compliant community, and the unquestioned authority of a strong, disciplined central government to encourage good conduct and deter potential crime. These measures made Qin Dynasty the strongest among the states during the late Warring States era.

The Qin Dynasty consisted of various politics which influenced its stance of purpose and power in the world. For instance, according to, "," it states, "Throughout his rule, Qin Shihuangdi continued to extend the empire...." This quote signifies the impact it potentially had on China. These effects ranged from the empire being divided into commanderies and prefectures administered jointly by civil and military officials under the direction of a huge central bureaucracy to the standardization of the Chinese script, currency, system of measurements, and expansion of the network of roads and canals. This triggers the sense of how daily lives were swayed and determined. In addition, it ultimately decided whether China would have contained a form of maintenance with technological advancements for survival and competition.


The Qin Dynasty was truly powerful, as they were the empire to unify China completely for the first time in history. According to, "," it states, "As a result, the Qin conquered neighboring states and unified China." Simple and general but yet potent, it exhibits how the Qin Dynasty was motivated, determined and had a drive for future success in China through unification. Reforms abolished the landowning aristocracy and replaced it by a centralized bureaucracy whose members were appointed or dismissed on military merit. This led to the creation of a strong state and powerful army that conquered neighboring states for resources and land which meant more wealth. The single currency and abolition of other currencies not only symbolized the Emperor’s power, but the rest of the citizens and people's loyalty towards the unified empire for peace and future prosper. Potentially, through agricultural management of the Qin, the economic power derived mainly from its control over land and natural resources, promoted trade which led to more wealth.

The Qin Dynasty succeeded as a nation due to its major focus in its economy which still progresses on to the modern day but more advanced and tehnological. For instance, according to, "", it states, "The Qin dynasty, after unifying the territory later known as "China", took some contradictory measures to enhance the economical productivity of the empire." Based on this quote, it shows the majority of core focus within the economy for stabilization and no potential downfalls economically. Money, weights and measures were standardized throughout all commanderies, leading to smoother transactions over longer distances. The First Emperor and his successors ordered gigantic construction work in the Capitals and throughout China which illuminates their wealth and capability without having to worry financially as their economy is always increasing due to conquering and focus. Higher taxes and intensive labor required from the peasants prevented the economy from reposing of permanent warfare. Wartime economy even kept running even in peace which illustrates its importance and significance within an empire.


The Qin Dynasty had amazing and exceptional art reference to architecture as well. For instance, according to, "," it states, "But Emperor Qin’s most memorable project was the massive mausoleum complex he had constructed for himself near the ancient city of Xi’an. Guarded by an army of more than 6,000 life-size terra cotta soldiers, the emperor’s tomb would remain hidden for more than 2,200 years after his death." This quote displays the fact of how art such as the terra cotta soldiers were complex and essential in a diversity of ways. Art in the Qin Dynasty demonstrated advancement and superiority considering the weapons the soldiers consisted of were well preserved even after more than 2,000 years. This was possible due to protective chrome plating, a seemingly modern technique that reveals the sophistication of ancient Chinese metallurgy. In addition, technology such as blast furnace kilns allowed the art of these soldiers to have hard clay for protection and durability.The army of life-size terra cotta soldiers, archers, horses and chariots was stationed in military formation near Emperor Qin’s tomb in order to protect the emperor in the afterlife. Each terra cotta soldier had their own unique facial features, revealing a high level of craftsmanship and artistry towards art.

In the Qin Dynasty, bronze cranes were one of the many art achievements within the empire. For instance, according to, "," it states, "Chinese people often use "crane's age" to praise a person's long life." This shows how the bronze crane was simply a symbol of longevity. It also relates to Qin ShiHuangDi's yearning for a prolong life, despite the crane not being viewed as much of art at that time. Similar to the terra cotta soldiers and bronze crane, they symbolize the Qin Dynasty's concern with nature and the preservation social and political ideals. More specifically, towards the rulers of China. Simple but yet powerful, art such as the bronze crane represent many values and potential lessons for the future and for admiration.


The Qin Dynasty followed a certain social structure with, obviously, emperor being at the top and going down from workers and so forth. For instance, according to, "," it states, "The Qing Dynasty reign was strict about its social structure which dictated who has power over whom." This quote displays the notion of how in the future, this can his lead to the abuses of power and plots to take down those who ruled over the people. Emperors had a group of advisors with whom they discussed important issues and decisions with. This particular class was superior to nobles, soldiers, and officials. They could also assume the emperor role in his absence. But being so close to the top of the command chain also led to abuses and plots to take down the emperor. Next in the top section of the structure was generals, nobles, and workers. The rest of the population was divided by their role in the society. Parents attempted to provide their kids a beneficial education to gain a much more honorable rank such as generals and nobles but it was the most current, accessible social status for an average citizen at the time. Judging from the top 2 in the structure, it seems to be a well organized plan, as there is a ruler to commission and operate while citizens exist to take out the order for completion to achieve prosperity within the empire. A simple and general cycle and understanding.

The Qin Dynasty's social structure also consisted of the lower classes which also participated in some form towards the empire. According to, "," it states, "Peasants were at the bottom of the hierarchy...The common trait of all these social classes was servitude." Based on this quote, it expresses the bottom half of the social structure within China which was composed of artists and peasants to slaves and servitude. Regarding artists and peasants, they would often become the subject of abuse and violence of the government officials and soldiers. Artists were more fortunate as they were highly respected by society and nobles, as they would entertaining nobles and potentially be paid for their services. In the lower division or in other words, the bottom part of the structure was the slaves. During that time, having slaves was seen as an important avenue for social advancement as slaves were utilized for a variety of purposes reference to construction, doing chores, farming and even protection or sacrifice. Regardless of these 2 classes being the lowest, they still contribute to society and its advancement but simply little by little actions compared to the higher classes.


The Qin Dynasty has a variety of religions but particularly follows and obeys one specific one which is identified as Confucianism. According to, "," it states, "....Confucianism was the dominant and officially sanctioned religion." By adopting this religion, emperors and people had to visit sacred altars to make sacrifices. Confucius was well respected and his methods were viewed as fair and effective which was why it was put in action. Confucius became the object of great veneration with the majority of the structures contained in his home court from the Qing period and throughout potentially the Chinese Empire. Confucianism has always been concerned with practical questions of morality and ethics which particularly helped the empire strengthen itself through thinking, "outside the box." Confucianis expounded the importance of four virtues which are benevolence, righteousness, observance of rites and moral wisdom . A fifth was later added, faith, which neatly corresponded to the five elements of earth, wood, fire, metal and water. The belief that there is a close link between the physical and moral spheres is illustrated through the statement that all men have such virtues. With such suitable application, anyone can become a sage, fair and equal in every way for a peaceful atmosphere within a society to operate.

Although Legalism was already discussed, it still was a concept followedby the Chinese to enhance their nation in vital ways. According to, "," it states, "In the year 269, a general of Zhao defeated two Qin armies. After this, Fan Sui became the chief adviser to the Qin ruler. He instituted Legalism..." This quote illustrates the acceptance and obey pf the Legalism policy which permitted and advocated the attacking the other states and killing of their people. This promoted military conquest and expansion. Simply following this policy enabled the Chinese to prosper tremendously rapidly and to gain wealth for future activities. Many supported this approach because not only did it benefit the people and the empire whether it was for resources, land or money, it centralized power they currently hold and gained while standardizing the different peoples they conquered and utilizing them for various purposes.

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Steven Chin

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