7 Principles of Online Teaching By: Katie Ouellette

Follow these seven steps for effective Online Teaching!

1. Encourage interaction between you and your students - Frequent student-faculty contact in and out of class is a most important factor in student motivation and involvement. Faculty concern helps students get through rough times and keep on working. It also enhances students' intellectual commitment and encourages them to think about their own values and plans

2. Encourage interaction and collaboration between students - Learning is enhanced when it is more like a team effort than a solo race. Good learning, like good work, is collaborative and social, not competitive and isolated. Working with others often increases involvement in learning. Sharing one's ideas and responding to others improves thinking and deepens understanding.

3. Incorporate active learning techniques - Learning is not a spectator sport. Students must talk about what they are learning, write reflectively about it, relate it to past experiences, and apply it to their daily lives. This active process will make what they learn part of the students themselves.

4. Provide Prompt Feedback - Knowing what you know and don't know focuses your learning. As they begin, students need help in assessing their existing knowledge and competence. Students need frequent opportunities to perform and to receive feedback on their performance. They need chances to reflect on what they know and what they still need to learn. Feedback should be provided promptly, so students can adapt/improve before the next assignment, discussion, or assessment.

5. Emphasize Time on Task - Time plus energy equals learning. Using time well is critical for students and professionals alike. Allocating realistic amounts of time means effective teaching for faculty and efficient learning for students.

6. Communicate High Expectations - Expect more and you will get it. High expectations are important for everyone: the poorly prepared; those unwilling to exert themselves; and the bright and well-motivated. Expecting students to perform well becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.

7. Respect Diversity and Individual Talents, Experience, and Learning Styles - Many roads lead to learning. Different students bring different talents and styles to college. Brilliant students in a seminar might be all thumbs in a lab or studio; students rich in hands-on experience may not do so well with theory. Students need opportunities to show their talents and learn in ways that work for them. Then they can be pushed to learn in new ways that do not come easily.

Time on Task - Is an application where if a student spends time working or creating a project or assignment the more confident they feel about their work. This assignment clearly shows the 'time on task' concept, for at first when I saw Spark Adobe, I had no idea what the site was, I have never heard of or used it. I immediately thought I missed an assignment and emailed my professor. After completing this assignment I can see he wanted us to create this for our selves. To practice manipulating and putting together the pieces ourselves so we would be more confident in our abilities. We are able to learn new skills and build upon our previous knowledge to create this page. This assignment goes to show that creating a project on our own can actually help us to make our own connections. That learning takes place the more engaged we are in the information, which we are fully engaged in this assignment. That the more engaged you are, the more you learn. From this assignment I can say learned more because I was actively engaged in the creation of this 'Page'.

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