Unit 4: The Legislative System Vocabulary terms

Continuous body: legislative body achieves stability by staggering terms of its members to prevent more than minority seats from changing in a single election

Constituency: a body of voters who elect a representative to a legislative body

Expressed Powers: powers explicitly named in the Constitution

Implied Powers: powers which have not been explicitly granted by the Constitution

Inherent Powers: powers that Congress and the President need in order to get the job done right

Consensus: majority opinion

Direct Tax: a tax that's levied on the income or profits of the person who pays it

Indirect Tax: a tax that's paid to the government, it's passed on the consumer as a price of a good or service

Commerce power: the power of Congress to regulate commerce

Bankruptcy: federal court procedure that helps consumers and businesses get rid of their creditors

Naturalization: admittance of a foreigner to the citizenship of a country

Copyright: legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator or author protection

Patent: exclusive right granted by the gov to an inventor to manufacture, use, or sell an invention

Eminent domain: a right of a government to take private property for public use

Impeach: to accuse a public official before an appropriate tribunal of misconduct in office

Necessary and Proper Clause: Congress has the power to make laws which are necessary and proper for carrying

Acquit: free someone from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty

Perjury: intentional act of swearing false oath or of falsifying an affirmation to tell the truth

Censure: strong or vehement expression of disapproval

Subpoena: a writ ordering a person to attend court

Speaker of the House: a member of the house of representatives, elected by a majority party caucus

President Pro tempore: member of majority party, who is chosen to preside over the Senate in the absence of the vice president

Party caucus: a meeting of local members of a political party especially to select delegates in a convention

Floor leader: the leader of a party in a legislative assembly

Whip: name given to an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature

Standing committee: permanent legislative panels established by the House of Representatives

Select committee: small legislative committee appointed for a special purpose

Joint committee: committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature

Conference committee: committee of U.S. Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and the Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill

Bill: a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion

Joint resolution: resolution passed by both the Senate and the House of Representatives

Concurrent resolution: resolution adopted by both houses of a legislative assembly that does not require the signature of the chief executive and that does not have the force of law

Resolution: written motion adopted by a deliberative body

Discharge petition: petition signed by the members of the house of representatives to bring a bill from committee to the floor for consideration

Committee of the Whole: device in which a legislative body or other deliberative assembly sits in a single committee with all assembly members

Quorum: smallest number of people who must be present at a meeting in order for decisions to be made

Engrossed: a bill that has been passed in the house of Congress

Filibuster: informal term for any attempt to block or delay Senate action on a bill or other matter by debating it at length

Cloture: a method of closing a debate and causing an immediate vote to be taken on the question

Veto: the power of a president or governor to reject a bill proposed by legislature

Pocket Veto: indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session

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