Down Syndrome Ashley Lucio, Jason Fuentes, Brenda Cruz

Symptoms:

  1. -Decreased or poor muscle tone
  2. -Short neck with excess skin at the back of the neck
  3. -Small head, ears, and mouth
  4. -Upward slanting eyes often with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye.
  5. -White spots on the colored part of the eye.
  6. -Wide, short hands with short fingers

Treatment:

  1. Treatments include self care such as physical exercise for 20-30 minutes for 5 days a week and special education that focuses on the unique needs of individual students.
  2. Therapies such as speech therapy, support groups, occupational therapy, and physical therapy.
  3. A diagnostic test carries a 1% chance of spontaneous termination (miscarriage) but the test is 100% accurate in diagnosing Down Syndrome.

Rarity:

  • Each year about 6000 babies are born with down syndrome.
  • 1 in every 700 babies born are born with this genetic disorder.
  • between 1979 and 2003 the number of babies born with Down Syndrome have increased by 30%.

Cause:

Down Syndrome is known as trisomy 21, a condition where individuals have 47 chromosomes in each cell instead of 46. Trisomy 21 is caused by an error in cell division called nondisjunction which leaves a sperm or egg cell with an extra copy of chromosome.

Society:

  1. Many people like adults can tell when someone has Down Syndrome and knows how to respond appropriately. Like many kids with Down Syndrome understand to be treated like a 6-7 year old.

You Try It:

  1. About how many babies are born with this genetic disorder each year?
  2. What is a symptom of this genetic disorder?

Summary

Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder known as Trisomy 21, symptoms include small stature and low muscle tone. About 6000 babies are born with Down Syndrome in the U.S. each year. An error in cell division is what causes the genetic disorder leaving an extra copy of a chromosome. People with the genetic disorder understand to be treated like a 6-7 year old.

Credits:

Created with images by annikaleigh - "emmasage and devany in Boston"

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