Cotton was one of the world’s first luxury commodities, after sugar and tobacco, and was also the commodity whose production most dramatically turned millions of black human beings in the United States themselves into commodities. Cotton became the first mass production commodity in the 1800s. New England helped with slavery increase when their mills consumed 283.7 million pounds of cotton, or 67 percent of the 422.6 million pounds of cotton used by U.S. mills in 1860. Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would end up killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the key to their economy. The cotton economy would collapse. The tobacco crops would dry in the fields. Rice would dry out being unprofitable. Also slaves often tried escaping and often revolted. Like Nat Turners slave revolt in 1831.
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