The first agricultural revolution began about 10,000 years ago with the women gathering fruit, berries, roots, and different types of grasses, and started scattering seeds near campsites. When they returned, they had found out that new crops started growing. This would turn out be the Neolithic Revolution or Agricultural revolution, which turns into the far-reaching changes in lifestyle and creates the beginning of farming.
The second agricultural revolution began in the eighteenth century with the use of machinery. Farmers traditionally used tools made of wood and such, but beginning in the late eighteenth century, factories made farm machinery. The first all-iron plow was made in the 1770s, which was followed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which made farmers less reliant on the power of humans or animals.
The 3rd agricultural revolution began in the 1940's which occurred in Mexico with agricultural practices, which is called the Green Revolution. Green Revolution technologies spread worldwide in the 1950's and 1960's. In the 1940's, Norman Borlaug conducted research in Mexico and created disease resistant varieties of wheat. Later on, the Green Revolution was being used in countries all over the world.
GMOs are genes from the DNA of a species that have been extracted and forced into the genes of another plant or animal. GMOs are now dominating 93 percent of the United States' corn acres, 95 percent of soybean acres, and 96 percent of cotton acres. GMOs affect farmers because any companies that make GMOs have the power to sue farmers that have contaminated fields.
Subsistence agriculture is when farmer focus on growing food to feed themselves and their family. Sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber, or other plants or animals, using techniques that protect the environment. Commercial farming is when crops are grown and animals are sold in the market.
1. About 23% of U.S. farm products are exported each year.
2. Fruit farming started around 6000 and 3000 B.C.
3. New Zealand makes 1/3 of the world's kiwi supply.
4. Wheat, Rice, Corn, and Bananas are the world's largest overall crop.