WW1 Trench Must Haves Alyssa Marrero

Gas Mask

Gas mask used to help protect soldiers from poison gases (Gas mask).

Gas masks would be needed in the trenches of WWI because when the apposing territory's soldiers dropped bombs, they sometimes had poison gas in them. 124,000 tons of gas were produced by the end of World War I and with all the chemicals in the bombs, they had to use masks to protect themselves from getting gas in their body and killing them ("New Weapons").

First Aid Kit

First aid kit used to help soldiers heal (O'Connor).

First Aid Kits were key to survival during World War 1. This is because when a soldier got injured from enemy fire, they could be bandaged up or taken care of and sent back out to fight when they were ready. On the battlefield, the faster a injury would be treated, the better chance of recovery (O'Connor).

Brodie Helmet

Helmet used to help prevent brain injuries during battle (British Brodie).

When being fired at during war, soldiers needed protection on the head. They wore what is called a brodie helmet to help lower the chance of serious head injuries. Although not impenetrable, the helmets reduced head injuries by 75% ("10 Things"). Soldiers could still get hit on the head from the opposing soldiers, and still get head injuries but with a helmet on, they might not get as serious of an injury. This allows them to heal easier and they don't need as much care done to them ("WW1 British").

Entrenching Tool

German Military Shovel (Janmad).

The entrenching tool is just as helpful to the soldiers as any other item. This tool is a shovel with wood handle shaft that ended in a T, and a metal shovel blade. It is useful because since trenches are better cover than open ground, all soldiers wanted to hide in them. At the same time the group of soldiers had to keep moving so the opposing side did not have a direct aim. This entrenching tool is what soldiers would use to dig more trenches, when they first started out or if they needed to dig any more trenches as they are moving ("Intrenching Tool").

Bayonet

German Bayonet (History).

Lastly, soldiers in the trenches of World War I used bayonets for safety. A bayonet is just a blade that is attached to the barrel of a rifle for use in close combat with the opposing sides soldiers. Many bayonets were designed like large knives, and soldiers used them as self protection during a fight. The fights bayonets were used in were typically face to face fights (Duffy).

Works Cited

British Brodie Helmet Fusiliers. 2017. WarHats, www.warhats.com/ww1-british-brodie-helmet-fusiliers.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Duffy, Micheal. "Weapons of War - Bayonets." First World War, Micheal Duffy, 22 Aug. 2009, www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/bayonets.htm. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017

---. "Weapons of War - Bayonets." First World War, Micheal Duffy, 22 Aug. 2009, www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/bayonets.htm. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Entrenching Tools. 2017. Soldiers' Mail, WordPress, 14 Feb. 2011, worldwar1letters.wordpress.com/sams-references-explained/the-doughboys-uniform-and-equipment/. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Gas mask used during WW1 to protect from the gases dropped in bombs. World History a, Weebly, whistory4u.weebly.com/new-weapons-and-tactics.html. Accessed 24 Mar. 2017.

History, Naval, and Heritage Command. "File:88-227-A Bayonet, German WWI (5476583622).jpg." Wkimedia Commons, Wikimedia Commons, 1 Jan. 1980, commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:88-227-A_Bayonet,_German_WWI_(5476583622).jpg. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

"File:88-227-A Bayonet, German WWI (5476583622).jpg." Wkimedia Commons, Wikimedia Commons, 1 Jan. 1980, commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:88-227-A_Bayonet,_German_WWI_(5476583622).jpg. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017

"Intrenching Tool." Olive-Drab, 12 Oct. 2011, olive-drab.com/od_soldiers_gear_intrenching.php. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Janmad. "German Military Shovel." 2009. Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike, Sept. 2009, commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:German_military_shovel_WWI_Memorial_de_Verdun.jpg. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

"New Weapons and Tactics Used." World History a, Weebly, whistory4u.weebly.com/new-weapons-and-tactics.html. Accessed 24 Mar. 2017.

O'Connor, Brion. Army First Aid Kits Have Changed a Lot since World War II. 2017. HowStuffWorks Health, HowStuffWorks, health.howstuffworks.com/medicine/army-medicine/army-first-aid-kit.htm. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

"10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches." Imperial War Museums, MM, 2016, www.iwm.org.uk/history/10-things-that-could-have-saved-your-life-in-the-trenches. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

"WW1 British Brodie Helmet Fusiliers (City of London)." WarHats.com, WarHats, www.warhats.com/ww1-british-brodie-helmet-fusiliers.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

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