Ancient India By: Lawson Hill & Carson Wood

Famous People:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the main leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. He was the key influence to Indias independence movement and was also the creator of a form of non-violent civil protests that would change the world. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, which was at that time under rule of the British Empire. Gandhis greatest accomplishments were; his march from Sabarmati to the Dandi Sea to collect salt during the boycott of salt when the British ruled a salt tax. In 1947 India finally won its independence from British rule, that same year he fasted successfully, to end the violence between Indians and Muslims in Calcutta after India achieved its independence. His importance to India is that he set India free from the British captivation through peaceful disobedience.

Role Of Indian Women:

Women played a significant role during ancient India. The rig Vedic women in India enjoyed a high status in society. Their condition was good and the women were provided with an opportunity to attain high intellectual and spiritual standard. The status of women in modern India have used their skills to fight against social restrictions, emotional ties, religious boundaries, and cultural clutches. Women were not allowed to choose their husband and were often assigned one from their father or a man would choose her. Women in India during the rule of Britain was not great but since then they have fought for their rights and gotten far and are continuing to fight for equal freedom to men.

Religion:

The faith of more than 80% of the Indian people was Hinduism, considered the worlds oldest religious and philosophical system. Islam is practiced by around 13% of all Indians. Jainism and Buddhism are Indian-born Religious systems that are strong and influential not only in India but across the world. The Indian subcontinent is the birthplace of four of the worlds major religions; Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Throughout Indias history, religion has been an important part of the country's culture. Islam is the religion of the Muslims, and is a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the prophet of Allah. The afterlife in Islam is very important as well as a glimpse of what awaits one in the grave, on the Day of Judgement, and at the Final End. Hinduism is a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion.Buddhists believe in a cycle of death and rebirth called Samsara. Through Karma and eventual enlightenment, they hope to escape Samsara and achieve Nirvana, an end to suffering. The aim of Jain life is to achieve liberation of the soul. In the Jainism world after each death, the Jiva is reborn into a different body to live another life, until it achieves liberation.

Traditional Indian Clothing:

India picked up on Persian fashions in clothing and became popular especially in the north, though they never replaced the Sari or the Dhoti. Both women and men began to wear trousers with long tunics over them that went down to their knees, called Churidar or Salwar Kameez. Most of the clothes were made from cotton. men wore a Dhoti, which is a cloth wrapped around their waists and knotted at the back. Some men also wore turbans on their heads. Men would dress like this for thousands of years. Women wore skirts, from the waist to the knees, and a cloth head wrap, made of stone and shell beads, and later of bronze, silver, and gold. Women would eventually start to wear cloth wrapped and pinned around themselves much like the outfits of Iranian women or Greek women. Some women wore skirts wrapped and pleated around their waists and knotted in front, with a separate piece of fabric for a shawl or veil, and a tight shirt underneath.

Indian Music and Dance:

Music in India plays a large role in many people's lives. There are two main types of classical music, these are Hindustani and Karnataka. Hindustani is the music of Northern India, while Karnataka is the music of Southern India. Some common musical instruments include: the murali, rabab, sarod, and the sitar.

Beside from their musical instruments, they had different types of dances. Again there are two main types of dances. They have classical and folk music dances. Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Manipuri, Mohiniattam and Odissi are some common ancient Indian dances.

Folk music is very popular in India, they have many cultural differences. The different regions of India have their own style of folk music. Many people quickly assume that folk music is only in rural/country areas, but it is popular in many areas of India. Classical singing is also a large part in Indian music history. It is believed that through singing, they could connect with their god. Again, there are multiple types of classical singing.

Indian Food:

The Silk Road:

The Silk Road was a trade route that was used by many people. It was developed during the Han Dynasty of China. The road linked China and the west. The Silk Road was used for trading goods, ideas, and even religious beliefs. It's two main civilizations for trade were China and Rome. The Silk Road gave new religions to different civilizations and trading allowed them to get resources that they may not have had access to. The Silk Road held a vital role in many peoples lives.

Bibliography

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"Indian Cuisine." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Feb. 2017. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

"Indian Music." Indian Music - Music In India - Indian Music Styles - Indian Music History. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

"List of Indian Beverages." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Feb. 2017. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

Roda, Author: Allen. "Musical Instruments of the Indian Subcontinent | Essay | Heilbrunn

Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Met's Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

"Silk Road." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

"Silk Road." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

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