All about my cello By: jordan boggs

FIRST ESSAY

The cello is a bowed or plucked instrument with four strings. The cello is apart of the violin family of musical instruments, which also includes the double bass, the viola and the violin. The cello is used as a solo musical instrument in the chamber music ensemble. They are also included in every string quartet. They play in some rock bands, symphony orchestras, and string sections. It is the second largest instrument. A person who plays the cello is called a cellist or an violoncellist. The first serious cello method was not written until 1741 by Michel Corrette.

The name cello is a contraction of the Italian violoncello, which means “ little violone”. They have four strings. From the left to right the strings orders are, A D G C. A is the highest of them all. D is the second highest. G is the second lowest. C is the lowest of them all. It is only that order for the cello. The rest on the floor supports the weight of the cello for the person. The cello was invented 1607. Andrea Amati invented the first cello. Until this day we don't know who played the first cello.

Many people have played the cello. The cello has been very popular after the first solo performance of the cello. People have appreciated the cello for years. The cello is very important to the orchestra. The cello is one of the groups with fewer players.

SECOND ESSAY

The cello is really hard and annoying to set up. It may not sound or look hard, but it is if you are the person playing it you will know it is hard. I am going to start off with the easy stuff. First you unzip the case. The case holds the cello and make sure that it doesn't break. Then you pull the endpin out. The endpin picks the cello up win you are playing it. It take up all the weight for the person playing.

Then after that is set up you take it out the case. You don't take it out of the case because if it falls, the case will protect the cello. Once you take it out the case set it carefully in the holder. Once it is in the holder, you finally get the bow (archet) out. The bow needs rizion. The rizion helps you play better. Before you put rizion on there you need to tighten the bow.

When the bow is ready, you go back to the cello. If the cello is out of tune all you have to do is turn the tuning pegs. The tuning pegs help you tune. Then you have to take your music out. When your music is out, make sure that the notes are on the sheet. Then when that is done you have on more step. All you have to do is play.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF CELLOS

As you can see there are different types of cellos.

The violin and the cello are two different instruments. The violin is way smaller than the cello. The cello is 5-7 pounds. The violin is 450-500 grams. The violin is 14 inches or 36 centimeters. The cello is 28 to 48 inches tall. The violin has a way higher pitch unlike the cello.

Both the violin and viola are played under the jaw. The viola, being the larger of the two instruments, has a playing range that reaches a perfect fifth below the violin's. The cello is played sitting down with the instrument between the knees, and its playing range reaches an octave below the viola's.

True, gravity does not help bowing on cello as much as on violin - in fact it can help the bow "fall over the bridge." And for playing music of the same physical difficulty, the violin is easier because it is smaller and does not involve a significantly different left hand position up higher.

THIRD ESSAY

Every summer since 1895, the Henry Wood Promenade Concert (commonly known as the BBC Proms) presents an eight-week orchestral classical music festival at the Royal Albert Hall in central London. This year’s Proms put a special focus on cellos.

Invented in the early 16th century, this massive instrument (second in size only to the double bass in the strings family) has a highly versatile history. The Baroque period saw Bach composing unaccompanied cello suites; Haydn, Schumann, and Brahms made use of cellos in concertos in the following Classical and Romantic eras; in recent times, there has been a rise in solo pieces, and soloists can frequently be found playing modern pop and rock music.

Since its birth in Europe, the cello has traveled all over the world, becoming a fixture in Chinese orchestra. Its unique tone and fluidity has made it a popular instrument in our time, making accomplished cellists such as Yo-Yo Ma and Jacqueline du Pre household names. In celebration of this year’s Proms, and the cello, allow us to present a list of interesting things you might not have known about cellos.

GLOSSARY

Essemble - people playing together

Contraction - similarity

Archet- bow

Endpin - the sticks that holds the cello up

Unaccompanied- not accompanied by anyone or anything

Accomplished- achievement of something

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