geography and city's
The greeks lived on a peninsula. The peninsula helped the greeks out because they could trade well with other countries. Also they could have a good navy and fight in the water. The greeks could eat plenty of fish and other sea creatures. Also with three sides of land surrounded by water, it makes it easier to farm because the land is fertile. greece has many islands that help greece with trade and other things. The islands can produce and help greece thrive. The mountains help two because they help with mining. then, the greeks can make very good jewerly and trade better. also, the mountains helped with war and they can block or make it hard to travel through the mountains in the cold. sparta had a river next to their city which is important because they can travel easily and trade goods. they can farm on the banks of the river. Athens is near the city so they can trade with other countries and have a good navy as well as a good fishing port. Both these cities and other cities need water to thrive as a good city.
each city state was governed by its citizens. a citizen is a person who treats other people with respect and has jobs and responsibilities. in greek city states, only free men who was born in greece and owned land could be a citizen. Athens stopped the landowning rule, but slaves still could not be a citizen. woman could be a citizen but did not have the rights as men. The citizens of the greek city state could go too a agora and decide on laws and officials of the city state. Citizens could defend themselves in court, vote, be in the office, and own land. But, the citizens had to fight for there polis and serve the government. in mesopotamia and egypt, the citizens had no power and there was 1 ruler. that had to follow exactly what he said. But in greece, people could decide on ideas and government. they had a voice and could tell people his or her perspective.
There are many arts in ancient greece. some of them are poetry, fables, epics, and drama. greek poetry is one of the oldest known in the western world. Many european and american poetry is based on greek poetry. epics were long poems about heroic people. the most famous epics are iliad and odyssey. a fable is a short story that teaches a lesson. a slave named aesop created fables about talking animals that had human abilities. at the end, it would teach a lesson. aesop's fables were passed down for centuries. drama is a story told by actors who are acting as the characters in the story. actors use emotion and try to imitate exactly who they are supposed to be. the greeks tried to put their work into what they made. many of the greek arts were put into stuff made. greeks made parthenon's to symbolize greek gods and goddesses. the greeks put columns to support the parthenon's. many people today use columns. greek art spread to southwest asia and northern africa. alexander the great created a empire that included greece, macedonia, and persia. when the empire broke, all the governments had greek art. the governments needed architects and artists so they expanded to get some. when each government expanded, greek art expanded all the way to afghanistan and india.
definition: a form of government that involves every citizen to have a say in the government.
advantages: no one will be left out. everyone has a voice. the decision helps everyone. no one can overpower.
disadvantages: there is a lot of arguing. if someone used to have power, they don't have as much and give it up to other people. the decision will take a very long time. the people who voted for something in the minority will be unhappy.
examples: athens of ancient greece.
definition: all citizens get a say but they vote for who they think should be the leader.
advantages: there won't be as much arguing as direct democracy. the people get to choose leader instead of tyranny and oligarchy because that is family born. decisions or made quicker. if you do not car you do not have to have a say.
disadvantages: the minority will be will be unhappy. there will be some arguing. if someone gets elected and they are not nice the country will be ruled by a not nice person. there could be riots and anger.
examples. USA present day
definition: a government that is ruled by 2-5 people.
advantages: almost no arguing. there is more voices then tyranny. what says goes. very quick decision.
disadvantages: not all citizens will be happy. they might miss a point of view. there might be some riots. they have all the power.
examples: sparta of ancient greece
definition: a government ruled by one leader.
advantages. what says goes. very quick decision. people can't disrespect you. no arguing.
disadvantages: the citizens have no say. there might be rights. they can't express there feelings. he might miss a perspective.
examples: north korea present day
greeks came up with myths to show how things happen. some of them are about greek gods. the myths showed what they know about there religion. some gods and goddesses shaped the sea and sky, while others shaped marriage and beauty. a lot of them controlled nature. the greeks believed that the 12 most important gods and goddesses lived on mount olympus. the greeks believed when you died you went to the underworld. the greeks believed you have a fate. they believe in prophecy as well. the greeks went to an oracle to find out about their prophecy. there usually was a priestess sitting on a tripod translating the god's and goddesses words to the greek language. the greeks also did rituals to support their gods. the greeks prayed, gave them gifts, and held festivals for the gods and goddesses. in return, they hoped that the gods would give them a good harvest of food and good fortune.
the greeks made a written language but during the dark ages, many people stopped teaching people how to read and write. so the language was forgotten. After the dark ages, the greeks made a writing system that was based of the phoenicians language. the greeks alphabet had 24 letters in it, two shy of how many we have. all of them are used for different sounds like ours. it was one of the simplest languages in the ancient world. many people followed the greeks and started using the same idea later. people started writing many stories and keeping records.
I should have given you my greek sentence in class
poseidon: the greek god of the sea