The French invaded Indochina in 1860. By 1885 Vietnam has lost its independence.
Ho Chi Minh was born in 1890
In 1920, Ho became closely involved in the French communist party
The Japanese surrendered on Sept 2–on the same day, the Vietnamese excitedly proclaimed the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh read out a speech declaring the independence of Vietnam. -North. He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945
Ngo Dinh Diem a South vietnamese politician he was named Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam
He his power as the President of South Vietnam.
President Kennedy sends a letter to President Diem and pledges "the United States is determined to help Vietnam preserve its independence..."
Mao Zedong also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary. He governed as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949, until his death in 1976.It’s estimated that Mao was responsible for 40 to 70 million deaths through starvation, prison labor and executions
August 1, 1962 - President Kennedy signs the Foreign Assistance Act of 1962
During April and June 1964 American air power in Southeast Asia was massively reinforced.
President Richard M. Nixon assumed responsibility for the Vietnam War as he swore the oath of office on January 20, 1969.
Domino Theory: the theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries, like a falling domino causing an entire row of upended dominoes to fall.
of 1954 (also, "Geneva Accords") arranged a settlement which brought about an end to the First Indochina War. A ceasefire was signed and France agreed to withdraw its troops from the region.
The Gulf of Tonkin incident also known as the USS Maddox incident, drew the United Statesmore directly into the Vietnam War. It involved two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin.
The Ho Chi Minh trail (also known in Vietnam as the "Truong Son trail") was a logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) through the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Napalm is a flammable liquid used in warfare. It is a mixture of a gelling agent and either gasoline (petrol) or a similar fuel.
Agent Orange is a herbicide and defoliant chemical. It is widely known for its use by the U.S. military as part of its herbicidal warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand,during the Vietnam War from 1961 to 1971.
On January 31, 1968, some 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched the Tet Offensive , a coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam.