Islam is 1 of the many religions in the Middle East. Islam has rose in the early 7th century C.E and was found in the southeast and middle east. Their holy cities are Mecca, Jerusalem, and Medina. It was devolved from both Judaeo-Christians and the nomadic Bedouin tribes of Arabia. Their place of worship is in a mosque and is led by an Imam. They believe that they are the "final and complete monotheistic religion". The main prophet for this religion is Muhammad, which they believe that Allah (God) sent his revelation (Quran) to the prophet Muhammad to proclaim to mankind. The Quran contains verses in Arabic that tells Muslims to worship 1 God and explains how to treat others properly, also related as the "holy book". As well as Christianity, Islam believes in a Day of judgement where good will go to heaven and bad will go to hell. Between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam they all believe that Abraham was their first prophet. They all practice 5 principles: 1. Pillars: orally declares their faith 2. Shahadah: praying 5 times a day 3. Salat: fasting in daylight hours during Ramadan 4. Sawm: giving a share of income for charity and final 5. Zakat: making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once.
There are 2 main branches of Islam and that is the Sunni and the Shia. Both groups split because of the death of Muhammad. The Sunni believe that anyone associated with the Islamic faith can be the rightful Caliph. They also believe that God's power in the world is in public and political realm. Countries that have Shia are Iran, Iraq and Bahrain. On the other hand the Shia believe that the Caliph must be a descent of Muhammad. they also do martyrdom and sacrifices. Countries that have Sunnis are Turkey, Pakistan, India, Bangladeshi, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Eid Al-Fitr is a festival celebrated at the end of Ramadan month marking the end of the fast. They also celebrate Ramadan, which is when they fast during the daylight hours.