African-American themes made Langston Hughes a primary contributor to the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s
Langston Hughes was born February 1st, 1902 in Joplin, Missouri to James Hughes and Carrie Langston who separated soon after his birth. His father moved to Mexico.
Primarily raised by his maternal grandmother, Mary until she died in his early teens. He went to live with his mother in Cleveland, Ohio and attended high school and was introduced to the poetry of Carl Sandburg and Walt Whitman.
Hughes graduated from high school in 1920 and spent the year in Mexico with his father. In 1921, he returned to the US and enrolled at Columbia University and quickly became a part of Harlem's cultural movement (Harlem Renaissance).
Langston Hughes was among the firsts to use jazz rhythms and dialect to depict the life of urban blacks.
Langston Hughes died in 1967 due to complications with prostate cancer.