China's Civil Rights: By: JJ Bedwell

China's Communist Government is increasingly limiting its citizen's civil rights...

The [Chinese] government is trying to put in place a civil code that would affect the whole nation of China – it would place restriction laws on property rights and migrant workers, as well as outlawing defamation and divorce. This civil order has been tried to be put in place since the 50’s, and it’s still being tried to be put in effect. "Now, President Xi Jinping is reviving the idea of a national civil code as he seeks to remake China’s justice system. His government has embraced the code as a tool to fight corruption and fickleness in the courts, as well as to formalize state power on issues as varied as free speech and parental responsibility." President Xi jinping is trying to, "...formalize state power on issues as varied as free speech and parental responsibility." China, even though there are some major drawbacks, still seems to be effectively improving legal progress, and Jinping is trying to convince the world, through his efforts, that China can take the global lead.
central (ccp) government –– in session

the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

Vs. United States Government

China was ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) for more than six decades, and it remains in a state that periodically restricts a wide range of underlying human rights, such as freedom of expression, association, assembly, and religion. As an example shown in the quote from New York Times article the Chinese people are still suffering from limited civil rights. Another example is the Chinese government limiting their people's freedom of expression on social media. In China, unlike the U.S., individuals aren't allowed to express their opinion on topics. They're required by the government to, "...register with their real names. The government has also shut down or restricted access to Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), which many users depend on to gain access to content otherwise blocked to users inside the country." These are rights that citizens have achieved here in the U.S., although. The overall lack of rights under current Chinese President Xi Jinping continues to become more and more of a problem that effects the entire Chinese population negatively.

A police officer guards a corridor that is forbidden from visiting journalists during a government-organized tour of the #1 Detention Center in Beijing (Oct. 25, 2012)

The truth behind the cCP

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP, as previously mentioned) is the founding/ruling political party of modern China. It consists of more than 86 million members as of 2012. In this year, however, the CCP had undergone a 180o, decennial power transition that saw its 5th generation of leaders set the future plan for the 2nd-LARGEST economy in the world. While China’s Communist party has maintained a political monopoly since its beginning, the effects of China's quick economic growth have activated multiplying social unease and political unbalance that affect the country's possibilities of becoming a global leader. A fair amount of political scandals has also let out some insight of power struggles inside the unpopular, somewhat shady governmental organization.

Wide angle picture taken of CCP in session shows the size and amount of people in it (ABOVE)

There is a history of the Chinese people's struggle with maintaining their civil rights is similar to the issues that occurred in the 1960's during the U.S. Civil Rights movement. For example, African Americans had limited rights, and there were American government officials debating on how these rights should be granted similar to how the Chinese President, Xi Jinping, is trying to today. The other example is that African Americans couldn't voice their opinion anywhere in the U.S. because of their ethnicity, similar in restrictions to the Chinese civilians.

The Chinese civilian population should revolt against the Communist government

Chinese civilians (educated OR uneducated) should revolt against the government to bring about Democracy in China. They DON'T because for the past 60 years, roughly 2 generations of people have only been given the idea that their government is excellent at it's job to maintain and control the country. I believe that the U.S. government intimidated African Americans just as the Chinese government does, but through peaceful marches, they had their own version of a revolt, and it worked. The Civil Right Marches of the 1960 showed the government that the African American people had a voice and had the right to be heard. This is an example that the Chinese people should follow to make sure there voice could be heard. The Chinese people could also follow the example of the man that stood in front of the tank.

On June 5, 1989, a single man stood in front of hundreds of tanks that rolled down the street in Beijing, China. This man was quietly protesting the previous weeks of civil unrest in China. "Charlie Cole was in Beijing on June 5, 1989 for Newsweek magazine. His version of the moment is tight — three stacked tanks, painted lines in the road emphasizing the direction of the tanks, all paths leading towards one man. The details are clear and striking: the red star on the tank and the bags held by the man, making it seem like his protest was an afterthought on the way home from work or from the market. Simple, striking, and powerful." This is an example of a revolt that was powerful, yet non-violent.

man stands in front of long row of tanks in china, 1989, Tiananmen square

There is a Civil Rights group working with UCLA that does help the Chinese understand their rights, every day people can help this group by donating time or money. Also, Amnesty International also does a lot of work to help stop China human rights violations. Any one can help get involved by learning about the challenges of the people of China by getting educated on the civil rights that are restricted to these people, donate to causes like the UCLA group that researches these challenges.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

HernÁndez, Javier C., and Owen Guo. "China Pushes Legal Overhaul That Would Bolster State Power." The New York Times. The New York Times, 15 Mar. 2017. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

"China." Human Rights Watch. N.p., 27 Jan. 2016. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

Xu, Beina, and Eleanor Albert. "The Chinese Communist Party." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

"Civil Rights Organizations." Civil Rights Organizations — The Civil Rights Project at UCLA. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

"China." Human Rights Watch. N.p., 27 Jan. 2016. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

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