CANADA 2041 - A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE EXAM - PART A

UNIT 1 - Changing Population

Our population is always changing. After world war two, when the baby boomers were born, there was a balance between working people and retired people. But now, adults are having less kids than they did back in the day, and the baby boomers are starting to slowly retire. There isn't a balance between working people and retired people anymore. Currently there are problems with our population.

Issues With Our Population

  • Citizens of Canada aren't having as many kids as they did before.
  • This leads to refugees/immigrants that migrated to Canada, but sometimes there are problems like not being able to speak our national language, having a degree in some type of career, etc.
  • Child supplies (diapers, cribs, car seats) are really expensive.

How To Solve

Proposal #2

Problem: Parents are spending an average of 12,825 per year for each child in Canada. Child supplies (diapers, cribs, car seats) are really expensive.

What should we do?

We should lower down the prices of diapers, because babies go through 3-4 diapers a day, and to just buy one box can be quite expensive. Also, parents aren't just paying for those they have also have to buy wipes, cribs, car seats..etc

Lowering down prices for baby supplies can benefit parents more, which could let families who want more children but can't afford all the supplies to have more children.

UNIT 2 - Interactions In The Physical Environment

There are many interactions in the physical environment. From natural disasters to building on land for housing and shops. Even though we need a lot of the things we build, we also need a balance between everything.

Proposal #3

Problem: There are a lot of land use going towards residential than other uses.

What Should We Do?

We should build more multi-use apartment building. They will have green roofs at the top to help with air pollution in a community, shops at the bottom, and living spaces in the middle. This would also help fit more people into a city.

If we do this, more land use can go towards other things like green spaces, roads, shops, etc.

Unit 3 - Managing Canada’s Resources

There are many job opportunities in Canada with managing its resources. The industries include forestry, mining, fishing, agriculture/farming, oil/petroleum, hydroelectricity, and hunting. But while we have these jobs, there are also many issues with it that can slowly start to affect the workers health condition, the environment, and wildlife.

Issues In These Industries

  • In the oil industry, there are many workers working daily to get oil and natural gasses. As they breathe in hours of oil fumes and eat/drink food that could come in contact with oil day after day, it is starting to have a serious impact their health. Workers are then at a higher risk for many cancers. Some examples are blood cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, pancreas cancer, prostate cancer, eye cancer, and brain cancer. They can also get blurry vision, headaches, unusual deaths, asthma, heart attacks, damaged liver, skin rashes, and more.
  • In the oil industry, they have to clear out an area to start the process of drilling for oil, but while they do this, they are invading/disturbing wildlife habitats and migration routes. The animals lose their homes and would have to go somewhere else where they aren't familiar with. This can be dangerous for the animals.
  • In the forestry industry, they have to cut down trees to use towards the lumber companies, this affects terrestrial ecosystems.
  • Oil spill is another problem, they effect aquatic ecosystems and the economy to fix the problem.
  • Air pollution is an impact these industry has on the environment. As they transport their products elsewhere, the vehicle it's in creates pollution in the air. Once the air gets really bad, human's health will start to get affected.

Proposal #4 = http://samcanadiangeo.blogspot.ca/2017/01/proposal-3.html

Proposal #5

Problem: In the oil industry, they have to clear out an area to start the process of drilling for oil, but while they do this, they are invading/disturbing wildlife habitats and migration routes. The animals lose their homes and would have to go somewhere else where they aren't familiar with. This can be dangerous for the animals.

In the forestry industry, they have to cut down trees to use towards the lumber companies, this affects terrestrial ecosystems.

What should we do?

We should have more greenbelts around Canada, in each province/territory they should have at least a minimum of 3 greenbelts and a maximum of how ever much they want.This will help protect as many ecosystems as possible from losing their homes.

For the places that need to be used towards oil/forestry, they should have a green team inspect the area first to see if it would be okay to invade this place or not.

Unit 4 - Liveable Communities

There are many liveable communities in Canada. But what makes a community liveable?Well, they need residential areas, green spaces, good education, clean water, shopping centres, and more. But there are also down sides to liveable communities. For example, if a lot of people move into a new community, there will be lots of cars driving, which will result in air pollution.

Issues In Liveable Communities/ Problems (Proposal #6)

  • The recycling rate in ontario has been at under 25% for the last 2 decades
  • Each person in ontario produces about one tonne of waste per year
  • $500 million dollar incinerator is being built but incineration is not sustainable
  • Most bus stops have very poor lighting
  • Traffic on highways during rush hour
  • Traffic on roads with only 1 lane
  • Air pollution from cars
  • People are using way too much electricity than needed, that is also expensive to generate
  • We use non renewable sources like oil a lot
  • In 2007, an average household spends $1147 on electricity and $610 on natural gas
  • Canadians use one of the largest per capita of fresh water in the world
  • The region is a rapidly growing municipality, with population increase of more than 17 per cent from 1996 to 2001.
  • More houses are being built, instead of building recreational places, green spaces, and more.
  • Agriculture land is being used to build other things (houses, malls, stores.etc)
  • Farmers aren’t doing as much work as they used to before
  • Building too many roads, houses, stores. It’s affecting the ability to farm efficiently and effectively

What Should We do?

  • Carpool to save gas and reduce air pollution
  • Turn off electricity when your not using it
  • Build green roofs on top of buildings &/or Plant more trees in Canada
  • Have more garbage/ recycling bins in neighbourhoods
  • Greenbelt
  • Reduce usage of nonrenewable energy and use more renewable energy
  • Add more lanes to roads that need it (intersections)
  • Increase community awareness of waste management strategies to rethink, reduce, reuse, recycle and repair

Bibliography

http://www.canadianliving.com/life-and-relationships/money-and-career/article/how-much-does-it-cost-to-raise-kids-in-canada

http://samcanadiangeo.blogspot.ca/2016/12/what-is-biggest-issue-going-on-with-oil.html

.https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2015/02/18/peel-to-build-500-million-incinerator.html

http://www.owma.org/Issues/WasteManagement.aspx

http://www.brampton.ca/EN/residents/Environment/Measuring-Performance/Pages/Waste.aspx

http://www.no-burn.org/why-incineration-is-a-very-bad-idea-in-the-twenty-first-century/

http://www.brampton.ca/EN/residents/Environment/Measuring-Performance/Pages/Energy.aspx

http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/faq/general/faq_I-am-concerned-about-global-energy-problems.shtml

http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/en/ontarios-electricity-system/

https://www.ec.gc.ca/eau-water/

http://www.gtaaac.ca/pdfs/Action_Plan.pdf

http://www.occ.ca/advocacy/ontario-economic-update-2016/

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