Boom to Bust 1920 to 1930

Boom to Bust Narative

During the 1920s and the 1930s Americans struggled and succeeded in different aspects of society. Some of the aspects are home life, leisure time, economy, and role of government. There were different groups of Americans like farmers and African Americans.

Home Life

The home life in America was hard. People lost their jobs and their homes. They had to make their homes out of anything they could find.

The first aspect is home life. In the 1920s it was easier for people to make money because the business they worked for was doing well. Since that there were more people working and businesses doing well there was a middle class made. Which meant less people were living on the street and that eventually meant that less people in severe poverty. In the 1930s there was a high unemployment rate. People were living in severe poverty. They lost their jobs and homes. They lived in shanty towns and made their houses with anything they would find like cardboard, scrap wood, and metal. This meant that the conditions were unsanitary and they lacked plumbing and electricity. The first group is farmers in the 1920s they lost their farms and had low farm prices. In the 1930s prices got even lower and more and more farms were lost. The second group is African Americans who lived in the ghettos of cities were segregation and discrimination was at a high. In the 1930s a lot of them lost their jobs and there were racial tensions.

Leisure Time

All the African Americans lived in one neighborhood called ghettos. The whites didn't want them living in their neighborhood so they went to their own. That gave them more power since they were all together.

The second aspect is leisure time. In the 1920s people felt like they had more time to participate in activities for fun. Jazz, dancing in clubs, and speakeasies were very popular. In the 1930s the use of theaters and arts were used as an escape from the harsh realities of their daily struggles. Farmers were struggling because rural banks were closing and they could not get their money out of the bank. African Americans experienced more racial tensions then they did before. Also discrimination they were not allowed in some places.


African Americans were still being treated in ways they shouldn't be. There were riots since they were fighting for their rights. They were fighting for equality. A lot of African Americans lost their jobs because of white people treating them like that.

The third aspect is economy. The stock prices rose far above what they were worth at the time. Also consumerism drove up demand for products. Since most things were bought on credit Americans thought that they could buy things that they could not afford. The 1930s consisted of businesses laying off workers. Also it included families not having enough money to afford food to support their family. Farmers did not really experience anything different since they have been struggling since the 20s. African Americans lost a lot more jobs. In fact 6 out of every 10 African Americans lost their jobs.

Role of government

African Americans would get treated terribly. Discrimination and segregation was still at a high. The government was not doing anything to stop this treating towards African Americans.

The final aspect is the role of government. In the 1920s the US government had a laissez faire policy. The government also gave way to fear and desperation. In the 1930s the laissez faire policy was abandoned. FDR believed that he would improve people's lives with his new deal program. The farmers stayed the same no one needed to buy their crops. In the 1930s people needed to they just did not have enough money. African Americans started riots since the government was not listening to them. Since they all lived in the same neighborhood they had more power as a whole.

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