Definition: Color Blindness is the inability to distinguish one or several chromatic from colors, independent of the capacity of distinguishing light and shade.
Causes: genetics, passed from parents, carried on through the X chromosome.
Statistics: 8% of males and 0.5% of females are born with color Blindness.
Characteristics and symptoms: there really isn't a way to tell if your child is going to be born with color blindness by the characteristics it has.
Detected: there are screening tests that can detect the presence of a color vision problem, and more detailed quantitative tests that can detect a color vision deficiency and determine the type and severity of color blindness.
The birth defect is usually detected after birth.
There is no cure for color Blindness
The only Long term effects would be, not being able to distinguish colors properly unless you trained yourself the colors.