--why it's important--
There is no know date as to when oil painting started in the Renaissance, but the earliest known oil painting is dated back to the 11th century. The inventor of oil painting is even unknown, but leaving question aside, the technique of oil painting started to become dominant in the 15th and 16th centuries. It has remained as the artist’s favorite medium, only to be challenged in the later years of the twentieth century by the advent of Acrylic paint; as Acrylic paint has highly faster drying rate then oil painting does. During the early Renaissance period, oil paints were used by Netherlandish painters and was eventually taken up by their counterparts in Italy.
With Italy taking up this paint technique, oil painting has spread tremendously throughout the renaissance; as it was used by many famous artists. When oil painting was first discovered, it had totally transformed the Early renaissance painting world, thanks to the effort of numerous painters (including the Van Eyck’s) working in Northern Europe and Italy during the first half of the quattrocento. “The Artists began experimenting with the use of oil as a pigment binder, and as the advantages of oil paint over tempra (permeant fast drying paint consisting of colored pigments mixed with a water soluble binder medium; usually a glutinous material such as egg yolk) became more evident, it became the natural preference for more and more Artists.”
Oil Paints were invented because the tempra method started fading out because more artists started to use refined linseed oil for bolder and brighter colors then tempra. The linseed oil is the oil that makes up the oil paint. Since the 1940’s evolution of the classical oil paint media has been characterized by the introduction of alkyd resins. The first alkyd pain products for artists were produced by DuPont 1931 Artists such as Jack-son Pollock and Picasso experimented with alkyd based paint. Alkyd paint is a polyester modified by the addition of fatty acids and other components. Alkyds are used in paints and molds for casting. They are the dominant resin or “binder” in most commercial “oil based” coatings, which is another reason why tempra died out
The Marriauge of Giovanni Arnolfini
The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini, also known as the Arnolfini Wedding, is one of van Eyck's most famous works. A signature above the mirror which says "Jan van Eyck was here" testifies to the artist's presence during the wedding. Many say that this a two part self portrait of himself and his wife. But others say a rich man ordered this to be done during his wedding. This shows great realism. Which Jan van was known for.
The Hunters In The Snow is one of Pieter Bruegel's most famous landscape paintings. Tho part of twelve painting this is the most popular of the twelve. This one is in January. It shows the hunters coming back with nothing due to to weather. The dogs slink weary due to hunt. It's also shows how the painting reflects off of everyday life for peasants. Pieter shows how it was Exactly How it was when it was. It shows great detail in the painting from the mountains in the background to the houses and the people
Portrait of a Man in a Red Turben
The painting,Portrait of a man in a red Turban, may be a self portrait of the artist which is Jan van eyck. Many think that this is a self portrait of van because if the gaze of the man and the painting is so inscribed. But not all are supported in that. If you look closer at the picture you may see the words laten, “Jan van Eyck made me on 21 October 1433” they look to be carved in. But are just painted. Again Jan van eyck like a to use light and shade in his painting and the oil paint let him do that. Portrait made in the year 1433. Oil on wood panel.